FANDOM


m
 
(2 intermediate revisions by one user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
The '''Adelie Penguin''', ''Pygoscelis adeliae'' is a species of penguin. It is the smallest Antarctic penguin <ref name="Bird">{{cite book|author=France, Peter, ''et al.''|year=2007|title=Bird: The Definitive Visual Guide|isbn=1564582957|publisher=Dorling Kindersley Inc.}}</ref>.
+
{{speciesbox
  +
|color={{Taxobox_colour|[[Animalia]]}}
  +
|name=Adelie Penguin
  +
|genus=Pygoscelis
  +
|species=adeliae
  +
| status = NT
  +
| status_system = IUCN3.1
  +
| status_ref = <ref>{{IUCN|id=22697758 |title=''Pygoscelis adeliae'' |assessors=[[BirdLife International]] |version=2013.2 |year=2012 |accessdate=26 November 2013}}</ref>
  +
| image = Adeliepinguin-01.png
  +
| image_width = 250px
  +
| binomial = ''Pygoscelis adeliae''
  +
| binomial_authority = ([[Jacques Bernard Hombron|Hombron]] & [[Honoré Jacquinot|Jacquinot]], 1841)
  +
}}
  +
The '''Adelie Penguin''', ''Pygoscelis adeliae'' is a species of penguin.
   
 
==Other names==
 
==Other names==
 
 
None known. However, it can be spelt Adélie Penguin as well.
 
None known. However, it can be spelt Adélie Penguin as well.
   
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
+
It is the smallest Antarctic penguin.{{Definitive}}
It has a black back and head with white eyerings, belly and breast <ref name="Bird"/>. It also has a reddish-black bill and pink feet.
+
It has a black back and head with white eyerings, belly and breast.<ref name="Bird"/> It also has a reddish-black bill and pink feet.
   
 
===Similar species===
 
===Similar species===
+
The Chinstrap is similar, but with a black line around its chin and a black bill. The Gentoo has a white head patch above its eyes and an orange bill.
The chinstrap is similar, but with a black line around its chin and a black bill. The gentoo has a white head patch above its eyes and an orange bill.
 
   
 
==Behaviour==
 
==Behaviour==
+
It is often seen on top of ice floes.<ref name="Bird"/> It shoots through the air to dive and then surfaces again, like a porpoise.<ref name="Bird"/>
It is often seen on top of ice floes <ref name="Bird"/>. It shoots through the air to dive and then surfaces again, like a porpoise <ref name="Bird"/>.
 
   
 
===Diet===
 
===Diet===
+
It feeds on krill and sometimes fish.{{World}}
It feeds on krill and sometimes fish <ref name="World">{{cite book|author=Harrison, Colin and Greensmith, Alan|year=1993|title=Birds of the World|isbn=1564582965|publisher=Dorling Kindersley Inc.}}</ref>.
 
   
 
===Calls===
 
===Calls===
+
Call and song sounds like a grunting laugh.
Call and song sounds like a grunting laugh. [http://www.xeno-canto.org/browse.php?query=or:565.00 Click here to listen to them!]
 
   
 
===Reproduction===
 
===Reproduction===
+
Nest is a low heap of pebbles, collected by the male.<ref name="World"/>
Nest is a low heap of pebbles, collected by the male <ref name="World"/>.
 
   
 
==Distribution/habitat==
 
==Distribution/habitat==
Line 30: Line 29:
   
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
  +
* [http://www.xeno-canto.org/browse.php?query=or:565.00 Click here to listen to the Adelie Penguin.]
   
 
{{DEFAULTSORT: Penguin, Adelie}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT: Penguin, Adelie}}
Line 38: Line 38:
 
{{Project Sphenisciformes}}
 
{{Project Sphenisciformes}}
 
}}
 
}}
[[Category:Penguins]]
 
[[Category:Spheniscidae]]
 
 
[[Category:Pygoscelis]]
 
[[Category:Pygoscelis]]
 
[[Category:Species named after people]]
 
[[Category:Species named after people]]
  +
[[Category:Birds of Devonshire]]

Latest revision as of 08:17, August 18, 2015

Adelie Penguin
250px
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Aequorlitornithes
Clade: Ardeae
Clade: Aequornithes
Clade: Austrodyptornithes
Family: Spheniscidae
Genus: Pygoscelis
Species: P. adeliae
Binomial name
Pygoscelis adeliae
(Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841)

The Adelie Penguin, Pygoscelis adeliae is a species of penguin.

Other namesEdit

None known. However, it can be spelt Adélie Penguin as well.

DescriptionEdit

It is the smallest Antarctic penguin.[2] It has a black back and head with white eyerings, belly and breast.[2] It also has a reddish-black bill and pink feet.

Similar speciesEdit

The Chinstrap is similar, but with a black line around its chin and a black bill. The Gentoo has a white head patch above its eyes and an orange bill.

BehaviourEdit

It is often seen on top of ice floes.[2] It shoots through the air to dive and then surfaces again, like a porpoise.[2]

DietEdit

It feeds on krill and sometimes fish.[3]

CallsEdit

Call and song sounds like a grunting laugh.

ReproductionEdit

Nest is a low heap of pebbles, collected by the male.[3]

Distribution/habitatEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Pygoscelis adeliae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Frances, Peter; et al. (2007). Bird: The Definitive Visual Guide. Dorling Kindersley Inc. ISBN 1564582957. 
  3. ^ a b Harrison, Colin and Greensmith, Alan (1993). Birds of the World. Dorling Kindersley Inc. ISBN 1564582965. 

External linksEdit


Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.