Afroaves diversity
Diversity of Afroaves.
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Clade: Telluraves
Clade: Afroaves
Ericson, 2012

Afroaves is a recently defined[1] clade of birds, consisting of the kingfishers and kin (Coraciiformes), woodpeckers and kin (Piciformes), hornbills and kin (Bucerotiformes), trogons (Trogoniformes), cuckoo roller (Leptosomatiformes), mousebirds (Coliiformes), owls (Strigiformes), raptors (Accipitriformes) and New World vultures (Cathartiformes).[2] They appear to be the sister group of Australaves.[2] The most basal clades are predatory, suggesting the last common ancestor of the group was also.[3]



AccipitriformesPearl Kite

Cathartiformes (New World vultures)Black Vulture

Strigiformes (owls)Western Barn-Owl


Coliiformes (mousebirds)Speckled Mousebird


Leptosomatiformes (cuckoo roller)Cuckoo Roller


Trogoniformes (trogons)Surucua Trogon


Bucerotiformes (hornbills and hoopoes)Abyssinian Ground-Hornbill


Coraciiformes (rollers and kingfishers)White-throated Kingfisher2

Piciformes (woodpeckers and toucans)Great Spotted Woodpecker

Cladogram of Afroaves relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[3] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013).[4] (Note: It differs than the one at Taxonomy in Flux).


  1. ^ Ericson, P.G. (2012). "Evolution of terrestrial birds in three continents: biogeography and parallel radiations" (PDF). Journal of Biogeography. 39 (5): 813–824. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02650.x. 
  2. ^ a b Naish, D. (2012). "Birds." Pp. 379-423 in Brett-Surman, M.K., Holtz, T.R., and Farlow, J. O. (eds.), The Complete Dinosaur (Second Edition). Indiana University Press (Bloomington & Indianapolis).
  3. ^ a b doi:10.1126/science.1253451
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  4. ^ Yuri, T. et al. (2013) Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals. Biology, 2(1):419-444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419

Hemipus picatus This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.
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