There are just two species
- Tawny-chested Flycatcher or Salvin’s Flycatcher, Aphanotriccus capitalis
- Black-billed Flycatcher, or Nelson’s Flycatcher Aphanotriccus audax
These are uncommon inhabitants of mature evergreen forest and tall secondary growth, usually in dense understory vegetation on the woodland edges, along streams or in clearings.
Logging, conversion to banana plantations and cattle-ranch expansion have resulted in widespread forest clearance and severe fragmentation, particularly in Costa Rica and Panama. These species’ small range and intolerance of forest fragmentation suggest that they are declining, although more research is needed.
- Stiles and Skutch, A guide to the birds of Costa Rica, ISBN 0-8014-9600-4
- Young and Zook, Nesting of Four Poorly-Known Bird Species on the Caribbean Slope of Costa Rica, Wilson Bull., 11 l(l), 1999, pp. 124–128
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