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Archilochus
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Both species
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Strisores
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Subfamily: Trochilinae
Tribe: Mellisugini
Genus: Archilochus
L. Reichenbach, 1854
Species

2, see text

Archilochus is a genus of hummingbirds. Eastern and western counterparts are the Ruby-throated and Black-chinned.[1]

Click for etymology

Archilochus (fl. 600 BC) Parian poet famous for his savage wit and flouting of convention. One of numerous hummingbird genera diagnosed by Reichenbach 1854, commemorating classical artisans.[2]


Description

Diagnostic of the genus are the relatively narrow inner six primaries. Adult males have shield-shaped gorgets with black chins. Females and immatures have mostly plain underparts with little or no buff wash and no rufous in tail. Primary moult typically occurs in September through January.[1]

Separating female and immature Black-chinned Hummingbirds from Ruby-throated Hummingbirds can be difficult (Tyler, 2005),[3] and depends on a detailed study of individual primaries and rectrices (Pyle 1997),[4] as cited in Butler, et al. (2007).[5]

Taxonomy

Some authors consider both to be close to Calypte costae.[6] Both species are monotypic.[6][7]

Species

References

  1. ^ a b Dunn, Jon L. and Alderfer, Jonathan (2011). National Geographic Completely Birds of North America. National Geographic Society. ISBN 9781426213731. 
  2. ^ Jobling, J. (2015). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.), eds. "Archilochus". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Retrieved 4-29-19.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. ^ Tyler, J. D. 2005. Birds of Southwestern Oklahoma and North Central Texas. Transcript Press, Norman, Oklahoma.
  4. ^ Pyle, P. 1997. Identification guide to North American birds, Part 1: Columbidae to Ploceidae. Stone Creek Press, Bolinas, California
  5. ^ Butler, C. J., D. Ledbetter, N. Batchelder, and G. Batchelder. 2007. Black-chinned Hummingbirds breed in Grady County. Bulletin of the Oklahoma Ornithological Society 40: 13-16.
  6. ^ a b Rappole, J.H., Christie, D.A. & Boesman, P. (2019). Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55654 on 29 April 2019).
  7. ^ Rappole, J.H. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55655 on 29 April 2019).

"National Geographic" Field Guide to the Birds of North America ISBN 0-7922-6877-6

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Eurasian Spoonbill This article is part of Project Bird Genera, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each genus, including made-up genera.
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