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Temporal range: Miocene–present Mid-Miocene to present
File:Rhynchotus rufescens -Parque das Aves-8a.jpg
Rhynchotus rufescens
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Infraclass: Palaeognathae
Clade: Notopalaeognathae
Superorder: Tinamimorphae
Family: Tinamidae
Subfamily: Nothurinae


  • Rhynchotinae von Boettischer, 1934
  • Tinamotidinae Salvadori, 1895
  • Eudrominae von Boettischer, 1934

Nothurinae or aridland tinamous[2] is one of two subfamilies of the Tinamidae family, the other being Tinaminae. It contains eighteen species in six genera. The six genera are:


These birds, as a member of the tinamou, are ground birds that prefer to run and walk, but will fly when needed.[3]


They are related to the ratites (emus, ostriches, kiwis, and rheas), and are placed with them in the Paleognathae. All of these birds evolved from ancient birds that did fly and tinamous are believed to be a still living primitive family closely related to these ancient birds.[3]


Tinamous eat leaves, buds, small fruits and seeds, and will eats insects for variety.[3]

Range and habitat

The members of this subfamily live in South America and prefer hills and arid grasslands and scrublands as opposed to the Tinaminae, which prefer forests.[2]


  1. ^ Haaramo, Mikko (2007). "Tinamiformes - tinamous". Mikko's Phylogeny Archive. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Brown, Joseph W. (2005)
  3. ^ a b c Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)


  • Brown, Joseph W. (2005). "Tinamiformes, Tinamidae, tinamous". Tree of Life Web Project. Retrieved 16 Jul 2009. 
  • Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003). "Tinamous (Tinamidae)". In Hutchins, Michael; Jackson, Jerome A.; Bock, Walter J. et al.. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins. Joseph E. Trumpey, Chief Scientific Illustrator (2nd ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp. 57–67. ISBN 0-7876-5784-0. 

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