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{{automatic taxobox
 
{{automatic taxobox
|color={{Taxobox_colour|[[Animalia]]}}|edit_link=
 
 
| fossil_range = <br>[[Late Cretaceous]] - [[Holocene]], {{fossilrange|66|0}}
 
| fossil_range = <br>[[Late Cretaceous]] - [[Holocene]], {{fossilrange|66|0}}
 
| name= Australaves
 
| name= Australaves
| image = Falco_berigora_-Alice_Springs,_Northern_Territory,_Australia-8.png
+
| image = Australaves diversity.png
 
| image_width = 230px
 
| image_width = 230px
| image_caption = Brown Falcon
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| image_caption = Diversity of Australaves:
  +
[[Peregrine Falcon]], [[Red-legged Seriema]], [[Cockatiel]], [[Carrion Crow]].
 
| authority = Ericson, 2012
 
| authority = Ericson, 2012
 
| subdivision_ranks = [[Order]]s
 
| subdivision_ranks = [[Order]]s
| display_children = 2 collapsible
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| subdivision = {{linked taxon list
  +
| Cariamiformes |
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| Eufalconimorphae |
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{{linked taxon list
  +
| Falconiformes |
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| Psittaciformes |
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| Passeriformes |
  +
}}
  +
}}
 
}}
 
}}
 
'''Australaves'''<ref>{{cite journal |author=Kimball RT, Wang N, Heimer-McGinn V, Ferguson C, Braun EL |year=2013 |title=Identifying localized biases in large datasets: A case study using the Avian Tree of Life. |publisher=Mol Phylogenet Evol |doi=10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.029}}</ref> is a is a recently defined<ref name=ericson2012>Ericson, P. G. (2012) "[http://www.naturhistoriska.com/download/18.9ff3752132fdaeccb6800037316/1335164422875/Ericson+Gondwana+JBI+2012.pdf Evolution of terrestrial birds in three continents: biogeography and parallel radiations.]" ''Journal of Biogeography'', '''39'''(5): 813-824.</ref> clade of [[bird]]s, consisting of the [[Eufalconimorphae]] ([[passerine]]s, [[parrot]]s and [[falcon]]s) as well as the [[Cariamiformes]] (including [[seriama]]s and the extinct "[[terror bird]]s").<ref name=naish2012>Naish, D. (2012). "Birds." Pp. 379-423 in Brett-Surman, M.K., Holtz, T.R., and Farlow, J. O. (eds.), ''The Complete Dinosaur (Second Edition)''. Indiana University Press (Bloomington & Indianapolis).</ref> They appear to be the sister group of [[Afroaves]].<ref name=naish2012></ref> As in the case of Afroaves, the most [[Basal (phylogenetics)|basal]] clades are predatory, suggesting this was the ancestral lifestyle.<ref name = "Jarvis2014"/>
 
'''Australaves'''<ref>{{cite journal |author=Kimball RT, Wang N, Heimer-McGinn V, Ferguson C, Braun EL |year=2013 |title=Identifying localized biases in large datasets: A case study using the Avian Tree of Life. |publisher=Mol Phylogenet Evol |doi=10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.029}}</ref> is a is a recently defined<ref name=ericson2012>Ericson, P. G. (2012) "[http://www.naturhistoriska.com/download/18.9ff3752132fdaeccb6800037316/1335164422875/Ericson+Gondwana+JBI+2012.pdf Evolution of terrestrial birds in three continents: biogeography and parallel radiations.]" ''Journal of Biogeography'', '''39'''(5): 813-824.</ref> clade of [[bird]]s, consisting of the [[Eufalconimorphae]] ([[passerine]]s, [[parrot]]s and [[falcon]]s) as well as the [[Cariamiformes]] (including [[seriama]]s and the extinct "[[terror bird]]s").<ref name=naish2012>Naish, D. (2012). "Birds." Pp. 379-423 in Brett-Surman, M.K., Holtz, T.R., and Farlow, J. O. (eds.), ''The Complete Dinosaur (Second Edition)''. Indiana University Press (Bloomington & Indianapolis).</ref> They appear to be the sister group of [[Afroaves]].<ref name=naish2012></ref> As in the case of Afroaves, the most [[Basal (phylogenetics)|basal]] clades are predatory, suggesting this was the ancestral lifestyle.<ref name = "Jarvis2014"/>
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|label1='''Australaves'''
 
|label1='''Australaves'''
 
|1={{clade
 
|1={{clade
|1=[[Cariamiformes]] (seriamas)
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|1=[[Cariamiformes]] (seriamas)[[File:Seriema (Cariama cristata).png|50 px]]
|label2=Falcons, parrots, passerines
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|label2=[[Eufalconimorphae]]
 
|2={{clade
 
|2={{clade
|1=[[Falconiformes]] (falcons)
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|1=[[Falconiformes]] (falcons)[[File:Male Peregrine Falcon (7172188034).png|50 px]]
|label2=Parrots and passerines
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|label2=[[Psittacopasserae]]
 
|2={{clade
 
|2={{clade
|1=[[Psittaciformes]] (parrots)
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|1=[[Psittaciformes]] (parrots)[[File:Cockatiel Parakeet (Nymphicus hollandicus)9.png|50 px]]
|2=[[Passeriformes]] (songbirds, crows & kin)
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|2=[[Passeriformes]] (passerines)[[File:Carrion crow 20090612.png|50 px]]
 
}} }} }} }}
 
}} }} }} }}
[[Cladogram]] of Australaves relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. ''et al.'' (2014).<ref name = "Jarvis2014">{{cite doi|10.1126/science.1253451}}</ref>
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[[Cladogram]] of Australaves relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. ''et al.'' (2014).<ref name = "Jarvis2014">{{Cite journal | doi = 10.1126/science.1253451 |pmid=25504713|url=https://pgl.soe.ucsc.edu/jarvis14.pdf| title = Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds| journal = Science| volume = 346| issue = 6215| pages = 1320–1331| date = 2014| last1 = Jarvis | first1 = E. D. | author1-link = Erich Jarvis| last2 = Mirarab | first2 = S.| last3 = Aberer | first3 = A. J.| last4 = Li | first4 = B.| last5 = Houde | first5 = P.| last6 = Li | first6 = C.| last7 = Ho | first7 = S. Y. W.| last8 = Faircloth | first8 = B. C.| last9 = Nabholz | first9 = B.| last10 = Howard | first10 = J. T.| last11 = Suh | first11 = A.| last12 = Weber | first12 = C. C.| last13 = Da Fonseca | first13 = R. R.| last14 = Li | first14 = J.| last15 = Zhang | first15 = F.| last16 = Li | first16 = H.| last17 = Zhou | first17 = L.| last18 = Narula | first18 = N.| last19 = Liu | first19 = L.| last20 = Ganapathy | first20 = G.| last21 = Boussau | first21 = B.| last22 = Bayzid | first22 = M. S.| last23 = Zavidovych | first23 = V.| last24 = Subramanian | first24 = S.| last25 = Gabaldon | first25 = T.| last26 = Capella-Gutierrez | first26 = S.| last27 = Huerta-Cepas | first27 = J.| last28 = Rekepalli | first28 = B.| last29 = Munch | first29 = K.| last30 = Schierup | first30 = M.| display-authors = 29 | pmc=4405904}}</ref>
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
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{{Project Bird Taxonomy}}
 
{{Project Bird Taxonomy}}
 
{{Wiki|{{PN}}}}
 
{{Wiki|{{PN}}}}
[[Category:Australaves| ]]
 
 
[[Category:Neognathae|*{{PN}}]]
 
[[Category:Neognathae|*{{PN}}]]
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[[Category:Neoaves|*{{PN}}]]
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[[Category:Passerea|*{{PN}}]]
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[[Category:Telluraves|*{{PN}}]]
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[[Category:Australaves| ]]

Latest revision as of 03:44, October 15, 2018

Australaves
Temporal range:
Late Cretaceous - Holocene, 66–0 Ma
Australaves diversity
Diversity of Australaves:

Peregrine Falcon, Red-legged Seriema, Cockatiel, Carrion Crow.

Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Clade: Telluraves
Clade: Australaves
Ericson, 2012
Orders

Australaves[1] is a is a recently defined[2] clade of birds, consisting of the Eufalconimorphae (passerines, parrots and falcons) as well as the Cariamiformes (including seriamas and the extinct "terror birds").[3] They appear to be the sister group of Afroaves.[3] As in the case of Afroaves, the most basal clades are predatory, suggesting this was the ancestral lifestyle.[4]

Australaves

Cariamiformes (seriamas)Red-legged Seriema


Eufalconimorphae

Falconiformes (falcons)Peregrine Falcon


Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)Cockatiel



Passeriformes (passerines)Carrion Crow





Cladogram of Australaves relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014).[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kimball RT, Wang N, Heimer-McGinn V, Ferguson C, Braun EL (2013). "Identifying localized biases in large datasets: A case study using the Avian Tree of Life.". Mol Phylogenet Evol. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.029. 
  2. ^ Ericson, P. G. (2012) "Evolution of terrestrial birds in three continents: biogeography and parallel radiations." Journal of Biogeography, 39(5): 813-824.
  3. ^ a b Naish, D. (2012). "Birds." Pp. 379-423 in Brett-Surman, M.K., Holtz, T.R., and Farlow, J. O. (eds.), The Complete Dinosaur (Second Edition). Indiana University Press (Bloomington & Indianapolis).
  4. ^ a b Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; Li, B.; Houde, P.; Li, C.; Ho, S. Y. W.; Faircloth, B. C.; Nabholz, B.; Howard, J. T.; Suh, A.; Weber, C. C.; Da Fonseca, R. R.; Li, J.; Zhang, F.; Li, H.; Zhou, L.; Narula, N.; Liu, L.; Ganapathy, G.; Boussau, B.; Bayzid, M. S.; Zavidovych, V.; Subramanian, S.; Gabaldon, T.; Capella-Gutierrez, S.; Huerta-Cepas, J.; Rekepalli, B.; Munch, K.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds" (PDF). Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. PMC 4405904Freely accessible. PMID 25504713. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. 



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