FANDOM


Austrodyptornithes
Temporal range: Paleocene-recent, 62–0 Ma
File:Black-browed Albatross amidst Rockhopper Penguins (5545908856).jpg
Black-browed albatross (Thalassarche melanophris) and southern rockhopper penguins (Eudyptes chrysocome)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Aequorlitornithes
Clade: Ardeae
Clade: Aequornithes
Clade: Austrodyptornithes
Yuri et. al, 2013
Orders

Austrodyptornithes is a clade of birds that include the orders Sphenisciformes (penguins) and Procellariiformes (tube-nosed seabirds).[1] A 2014 analysis of whole genomes of 48 representative bird species concluded that penguins are the sister group of Procellariiformes,[2] from which they diverged about 60 million years ago.[3]

Austrodyptornithes

 Sphenisciformes

Spheniscidae (penguins)


Procellariiformes


Diomedeidae (albatrosses)




Oceanitidae (Austral or southern storm petrels)




Hydrobatidae (northern storm petrels)




Pelecanoididae (diving petrels)



Procellariidae (fulmarine petrels, gadfly petrels, prions, shearwaters)





(tube‑nosed seabirds)

References

  1. ^ Yuri, T (2013). "Parsimony and model-based analyses of indels in avian nuclear genes reveal congruent and incongruent phylogenetic signals". Biology. 2: 419–44. PMC 4009869Freely accessible. PMID 24832669. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. 
  2. ^ Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; Li, B.; Houde, P.; Li, C.; Ho, S. Y. W.; Faircloth, B. C.; Nabholz, B.; Howard, J. T.; Suh, A.; Weber, C. C.; Da Fonseca, R. R.; Li, J.; Zhang, F.; Li, H.; Zhou, L.; Narula, N.; Liu, L.; Ganapathy, G.; Boussau, B.; Bayzid, M. S.; Zavidovych, V.; Subramanian, S.; Gabaldon, T.; Capella-Gutierrez, S.; Huerta-Cepas, J.; Rekepalli, B.; Munch, K.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds" (PDF). Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. PMC 4405904Freely accessible. PMID 25504713. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. 
  3. ^ Li, C.; Zhang, Y.; Li, J.; Kong, L.; Hu, H.; Pan, H.; Xu, L.; Deng, Y.; Li, Q.; Jin, L.; Yu, H.; Chen, Y.; Liu, B.; Yang, L.; Liu, S.; Zhang, Y.; Lang, Y.; Xia, J.; He, W.; Shi, Q.; Subramanian, S.; Millar, C. D.; Meader, S.; Rands, C. M.; Fujita, M. K.; Greenwold, M. J.; Castoe, T. A.; Pollock, D. D.; Gu, W.; et al. (2014-12-12). "Two Antarctic penguin genomes reveal insights into their evolutionary history and molecular changes related to the Antarctic environment". GigaScience. 3: 27. PMC 4322438Freely accessible. PMID 25671092. doi:10.1186/2047-217X-3-27. 
Hemipus picatus This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.



Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.