FANDOM


Barbourofelidae
Temporal range: Miocene
250px
Barbourofelis loveorum at the Florida Museum of Natural History
Fossil
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Barbourofelidae
Schultz, et al., 1970[1]

Barbourofelidae is an extinct family of mammalian carnivores of the suborder Feliformia that lived in North America, Eurasia and Africa during the Miocene epoch (16.9—9.0 Ma) and existed for about Template:Mya.[2]

Taxonomy

The Barbourofelinae were named by Schultz et al. (1970). The type genus is Barbourofelis. It was assigned to Nimravidae by Bryant (1991); and to Carnivora by Morlo et al. (2004).[3][4]

Barbourofelidae was previously classified as a subfamily of the extinct Nimravidae, but is now thought to be taxonomically closer to the Felidae than to the Nimravidae, and has subsequently been reranked as a distinct family by Morlo et al. (2004). Barbourofelids first appear in the fossil record in the Early Miocene of Africa. By the end of the Early Miocene, a land bridge had opened between Africa and Eurasia, allowing for a faunal exchange between the two continents. Barbourofelids migrated at least three times from Africa to Europe (Morlo 2006).[5] While the genus Sansanosmilus evolved in Europe, barbourofelids also migrated through Eurasia and reached North America by the late Miocene, represented there solely by the genus Barbourofelis.

Classification

References

  1. ^ "Paleobiology Database (Barbourofelidae)". Retrieved 19 Oct 2012. 
  2. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Barborofelidae, basic info
  3. ^ M. Morlo, S. Peigné, and D. Nagel. 2004. A new species of Prosansanosmilus: implications for the systematic relationships of the family Barbourofelidae new rank (Carnivora, Mammalia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.
  4. ^ H. N. Bryant. 1991. Phylogenetic relationships and systematics of the Nimravidae (Carnivora). Journal of Mammalogy.
  5. ^ M. Morlo. 2006. New remains of Barbourofelidae from the Miocene of Southern Germany: implications for the history of barbourofelid migrations. Beiträge zur Paläontologie, Wien.
  • MICHAEL MORLO, STÉPHANE PEIGNÉ and DORIS NAGEL (January 2004). "A new species of Prosansanosmilus: implications for the systematic relationships of the family Barbourofelidae new rank (Carnivora, Mammalia)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 140 (1): 43. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2004.00087.x. 
  • Lars W. van den Hoek Ostende, Michael Morlo & Doris Nagel (July 2006). "Fossils explained 52 Majestic killers: the sabre-toothed cats". Geology Today. 22 (4): 150. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2451.2006.00572.x. 
  • Michael Morlo (2006). "New remains of Barbourofelidae from the Miocene of Southern Germany: implications for the history of barbourid migrations". Beiträge zur Paläontologie, Wien. 30: 339–346. .
Sperm whales size This article is part of Project Mammal Families, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each mammal family, including made-up families.
Mammal Diversity 2011 This article is part of Project Mammal Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to mammals.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Please help by writing it in the style of All Birds Wiki!
Template:Paleo-carnivora-stub
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.