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Paracorvid
Temporal range: Aquitanian–Recent[1]
Splendid Fairy Wren - Lake cargelligo - Spt 05 089
Male Splendid Fairywren.
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Clade: "Basal oscine"
Informal[2]
Infraorders

A paracorvid or basal oscine is an informal grouping of birds that closely related to birds in Corvida. They branch off separately before the split between the Corvida proper and Passerida (see Ericson et al., 2002a; Barker et al., 2004; Irestedt and Ohlson, 2008).[3][4][5]

Description

They range from small to large, the Weebill at 8 cm (3.1 in) and pardalotes and fairywrens being the smallest at 9–12 cm (3.5–4.7 in) and lyrebirds being the largest at 76–103 cm (30–41 in). The lyrebirds are the largest passerines, tied with crows and ravens.

Distribution

This grouping is only Australasian, and some of the honeyeaters are found outside of this area, including the Indonesian Honeyeater, which is found in Indo-Malaya and some species are found near the Wallace's Line.

Taxonomy

Infraorder Image Geographic location and status
Menurida 200x200px
Climacterida 200x200px
Meliphagida 200x200px
Orthonychida 200x200px

See also

References

  1. ^ Menurae at fossilworks.org (retrieved 15 May 2016)
  2. ^ Boyd, John (March 9, 2015). "Paracorvids" (v. 3.00a ed.). Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  3. ^ Ericson, P.G.P., L. Christidis, A. Cooper, M. Irestedt, J. Jackson, U.S. Johansson, and J.A. Norman (2002a), A Gondwanan origin of passerine birds supported by DNA sequences of the endemic New Zealand wrens, Proc. Royal Soc. B 269, 235-241.
  4. ^ Barker, F.K., A. Cibois, P. Schikler, J. Feinstein, and J. Cracraft (2004), Phylogeny and diversification of the largest avian radiation, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 101(30), 11040-11045.
  5. ^ Irestedt, M., and J.I. Ohlson (2008), The division of the major songbird radiation into Passerida and `core Corvoidea' (Aves: Passeriformes)—the species tree vs. gene trees, Zoologica Scripta 37, 305-313.
Hemipus picatus This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.
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