Bioluminescence is a term that refers to the ability of a living creature to produce and emit light. The effect is caused by chemical properties and is used in a variety of ways including communication between various species or even as a result of symbiosis.
Bioluminescene in some creatures is caused by an enzyme known as luciferase that acts upon a specialized pigment known as luciferin. The interaction of the enzyme upon the compound speeds up the reaction. As a result, with exposure to oxygen, the luciferin pigment is able to emit light as a product.
|This article is part of Project Glossary, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each term related to animals.|
|This article is part of Project Chemistry, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each term related to chemistry.|