Black-bellied Whistling Duck
Temporal range: 16.3–0 Ma Barstovian to Present
Whistling duck flight02 - natures pics-edit1
Northern subspecies (D. a. autumnalis, note brown breast). The white wing patch, a tell-tale feature of this species, is conspicuous in flight.
Bellied Whistling-Duck 3
D. a. fulgens
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Galloanserae
Clade: Odontoanserae
Order: Anseriformes
Family: Anatidae
Genus: Dendrocygna
Species: D. autumnalis
Binomial name
Dendrocygna autumnalis
Linnaeus, 1758
  • D. a. autumnalis Linnaeus, 1758
  • D. a. fulgens Friedmann, 1947

The Black-bellied Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis), formerly also called Black-bellied Tree Duck, is a whistling duck that breeds from the southernmost United States and tropical Central to south-central South America. In the USA, it can be found year-round in parts of southeast Texas, and seasonally in southeast Arizona, and Louisiana's Gulf Coast. It is a rare breeder in such disparate locations as Florida, Arkansas, Georgia and South Carolina.

Click for other names
Other common names Black-bellied Whistling-duck, Autumnal tree duck, black-bellied tree duck, cornfield duck, long-legged tree duck, red-billed whistling duck, summer duck.[2]


Medium-sized, long-legged, very long-necked duck. Bill length ¾ head length; sloping forehead to shallow crown;[3] adult has a rose-pink bill and feet; juveniles have dusky bill and feet.[4]


  • D. a. fulgens Friedmann, 1947 – Northern Black-bellied Whistling-duck– SE Arizona and SE Texas (S USA) S to C Panama.
  • D. a. autumnalis (Linnaeus, 1758) – Southern Black-bellied Whistling-duck – C Panama to South America, S to Ecuador and N Peru in the W and N Argentina in the E.

Similar species

Told apart from the Fulvous Whistling Duck by greyish (not tawny) head and neck and plain back.[4]







  1. ^ BirdLife International (2008). "Dendrocygna autumnalis". 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 4 Mayy 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ Terres, John K. (1980). The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN 0394466519. 
  3. ^ Stokes, Donald W. and Stokes, Lilian Q. (2010). Stokes Field Guide to the Birds of North America. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 9770316010504 Check |isbn= value: invalid prefix (help). 
  4. ^ a b Garrigues, Richard and Dean, Robert (2007). The Birds of Costa Rica. Zona Tropical Publication. ISBN 9780801473739. 
  5. ^ Carboneras, C. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Black-bellied Whistling-duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 2 October 2017).

External links

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.