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Blood Pheasant
Blood Pheasant
Male Blood Pheasant.
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Galloanserae
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianinae
Tribe: Ithaginini
Wolters, 1976
Genus: Ithaginis
Wagler, 1832
Species: I. cruentus
Binomial name
Ithaginis cruentus
(Hardwicke, 1821)
Subspecies

12-14, see text.

Synonyms

Ithaginis cruentatus

Blood Pheasant, Ithaginis cruentus is a species of pheasant in the Phasianinae subfamily, and the only member of the Ithaginini tribe and Ithaginis genus. It is somewhat related to monals and tragopans.[2] The species has 12-14 subspecies, including nominate.[3]

Description

Blood Pheasants are small partridge-like pheasant; males measure 44–48 cm (17–19 in) (tail 16.5–18 cm (6.5–7.1 in)) while females measaure 39.5–42 cm (15.6–16.5 in) (tail 14–15.5 cm (5.5–6.1 in)); their weight ranges 410–655 g (14.5–23.1 oz).[3] Named for the red plumage on the male's head, the Blood Pheasant is relatively plain compared to other pheasants. The male is slightly larger than the female and has a generally greyer appearance, while the female is largely brown.[4]

Subspecies

There are 12-14 recognized subspecies:

  • I. c. affinis (CW Beebe, 1912) Sikkim Blood Pheasant - Sikkim region in India
  • I. c. annae Mayr & Birckhead, 1937 - Anna's Blood Pheasant – WC China (NW Sichuan). Possibly not distinct from berezowskii.[5]
  • I. c. beicki (Mayr and Birckhead, 1937) - Beick's Blood Pheasant - north central China
  • I. c. berezowskii (Bianchi, 1903) - Berezovski's Blood Pheasant - mountains of central China
  • I. c. clarkei (Rothschild, 1920) - Clarke's Blood Pheasant - southwest China
  • I. c. cruentus (Hardwicke, 1821) - Himalayan Blood Pheasant - northern Nepal to northwestern Bhutan
  • I. c. geoffroyi (Verreaux, 1867) - Geoffroy's Blood Pheasant - western China and southeast Tibet
  • I. c. holoptilus Greenway, 1933 Lijiang Blood Pheasant – CS China (known only from Lijiang District, in Yunnan). Possibly not distinct from rocki.[6]
  • I. c. kuseri (Beebe, 1912) - Kuser's Blood Pheasant - upper Assam in India and southeast Tibet
  • I. c. marionae (Mayr, 1941) - Mrs. Vernay's Blood Pheasant - mountains of southwest China and northeast Myanmar
  • I. c. michaelis (Bianchi, 1903) - Bianchi's Blood Pheasant - north central China
  • I. c. rocki (Riley, 1925) - Rock's Blood Pheasant - southwestern China
  • I. c. sinensis (David, 1873) - David's Blood Pheasant - central China
  • I. c. tibetanus (ECS Baker, 1914) - Tibetan Blood Pheasant - eastern Bhutan and southern Tibet

Similar species

Behaviour

Diet

Calls

Reproduction

Distribution/habitat

References

  1. ^ "Ithaginis cruentus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Boyd III, John. "Phasianinae tree" (PDF). Taxonomy in Flux. Retrieved 29-08-17.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. ^ a b (Subscription required) McGowan, P.J.K., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2017). Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/53475 on 29 August 2017).
  4. ^ Frances, Peter; et al. (2007). Bird: The Definitive Visual Guide. Dorling Kindersley Inc. ISBN 1564582957. 
  5. ^ "Blood Pheasant (annae) Ithaginis cruentus berezowskii (annae) (= Ithaginis cruentus annae)". Avibase. 
  6. ^ "Blood Pheasant (holoptilus) Ithaginis cruentus rocki (holoptilus) (= Ithaginis cruentus holoptilus)". Avibase. 

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