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==Other names==
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{{speciesbox
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| genus = Ithaginis
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| species = cruentus
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| name = Blood Pheasant
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| image = Blood Pheasant.png
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| image_caption = Male Blood Pheasant.
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| image_width = 230px
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| status = LC
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| status_system = IUCN3.1
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| status_ref = <ref name=IUCN>{{IUCN|id=22679144 |title=''Ithaginis cruentus'' |assessor=BirdLife International |assessor-link=BirdLife International |version=2013.2 |year=2012 |accessdate=26 November 2013}}</ref>
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| grandparent_authority = Wolters, 1976
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| parent_authority = [[Johann Georg Wagler|Wagler]], 1832
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| binomial = ''Ithaginis cruentus''
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| binomial_authority = ([[Thomas Hardwicke|Hardwicke]], 1821)
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| synonyms = ''Ithaginis cruentatus''
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| subdivision_ranks = [[Subspecies]]
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| subdivision = 12-14, see text.
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}}
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'''Blood Pheasant, ''Ithaginis cruentus''''' is a species of pheasant in the [[Phasianinae]] subfamily, and the only member of the '''Ithaginini''' tribe and '''''Ithaginis''''' genus. It is somewhat related to [[monal]]s and [[tragopan]]s.<ref name="Phasianinaetree">{{cite web |url=http://jboyd.net/Taxo/Phasianinae.pdf |title=Phasianinae tree |last=Boyd III |first=John |date= |website=[[Taxonomy in Flux]] |publisher= |access-date=29-08-17 |quote=}}</ref> The species has 12-14 subspecies, including nominate.<ref name="HBWAlive">{{Subscription required}}
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McGowan, P.J.K., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2017). Blood Pheasant (''Ithaginis cruentus''). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/53475 on 29 August 2017).</ref>
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==Description==
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Blood Pheasants are small partridge-like pheasant; males measure {{convert|44|–|48|cm|in|abbr=on}} (tail {{convert|16.5|–|18|cm|in|abbr=on}}) while females measaure {{convert|39.5|–|42|cm|in|abbr=on}} (tail {{convert|14|–|15.5|cm|in|abbr=on}}); their weight ranges {{convert|410|–|655|g|oz|abbr=on}}.<ref name="HBWAlive"/>
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Named for the red plumage on the male's head, the Blood Pheasant is relatively plain compared to other pheasants. The male is slightly larger than the female and has a generally greyer appearance, while the female is largely brown.{{Definitive}}
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===Subspecies===
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There are 12-14 recognized [[subspecies]]:
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* ''I. c. affinis'' <small>([[William Beebe|CW Beebe]], 1912)</small> '''Sikkim Blood Pheasant''' - [[Sikkim]] region in India
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* ''I. c. annae'' <small>Mayr & Birckhead, 1937</small> - '''Anna's Blood Pheasant''' – WC China (NW Sichuan). Possibly not distinct from ''berezowskii''.<ref name="Avibase2">{{avibase|id=E3A749E358625F33|name=Blood Pheasant (annae) Ithaginis cruentus berezowskii (annae) (= Ithaginis cruentus annae)}}</ref>
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* ''I. c. beicki'' <small>([[Ernst Mayr|Mayr]] and Birckhead, 1937)</small> - '''Beick's Blood Pheasant''' - north central China
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* ''I. c. berezowskii'' <small>([[Valentin Lvovich Bianchi|Bianchi]], 1903)</small> - '''Berezovski's Blood Pheasant''' - mountains of central China
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* ''I. c. clarkei'' <small>([[Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild|Rothschild]], 1920)</small> - '''Clarke's Blood Pheasant''' - southwest China
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* ''I. c. cruentus'' <small>(Hardwicke, 1821)</small> - '''Himalayan Blood Pheasant''' - northern Nepal to northwestern Bhutan
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* ''I. c. geoffroyi'' <small>([[Jules Verreaux|Verreaux]], 1867)</small> - '''Geoffroy's Blood Pheasant''' - western China and southeast Tibet
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* ''I. c. holoptilus'' <small>Greenway, 1933</small> '''Lijiang Blood Pheasant''' – CS China (known only from Lijiang District, in Yunnan). Possibly not distinct from ''rocki''.<ref name="Avibase1">{{avibase|id=04EC112C|name=Blood Pheasant (holoptilus) Ithaginis cruentus rocki (holoptilus) (= Ithaginis cruentus holoptilus)}}</ref>
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* ''I. c. kuseri'' <small>(Beebe, 1912)</small> - '''Kuser's Blood Pheasant''' - upper [[Assam]] in India and southeast Tibet
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* ''I. c. marionae'' <small>(Mayr, 1941)</small> - '''Mrs. Vernay's Blood Pheasant''' - mountains of southwest China and northeast [[Myanmar]]
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* ''I. c. michaelis'' <small>(Bianchi, 1903)</small> - '''Bianchi's Blood Pheasant''' - north central China
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* ''I. c. rocki'' <small>([[Joseph Harvey Riley|Riley]], 1925)</small> - '''Rock's Blood Pheasant''' - southwestern China
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* ''I. c. sinensis'' <small>([[Armand David|David]], 1873)</small> - '''David's Blood Pheasant''' - central China
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* ''I. c. tibetanus'' <small>([[E. C. Stuart Baker|ECS Baker]], 1914)</small> - '''Tibetan Blood Pheasant''' - eastern Bhutan and southern Tibet
   
==Desciption==
 
 
===Similar species===
 
===Similar species===
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==Behaviour==
 
==Behaviour==
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==References==
 
==References==
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{{Reflist}}
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
   
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[[Category:Ithaginis]]
 
[[Category:Ithaginis]]
 
[[Category:Tribes of Galliformes]]
 
[[Category:Tribes of Galliformes]]
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[[Category:Genera of Galliformes]]
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[[Category:Pheasants]]
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[[Category:Birds of Nepal]]
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[[Category:Birds of Bhutan]]
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[[Category:Birds of the Himalayas]]
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[[Category:Birds of Central China]]
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[[Category:Birds of Tibet]]
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[[Category:Birds of Yunnan]]
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[[Category:Birds described in 1821]]

Latest revision as of 16:06, August 29, 2017

Blood Pheasant
Blood Pheasant
Male Blood Pheasant.
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Galloanserae
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianinae
Tribe: Ithaginini
Wolters, 1976
Genus: Ithaginis
Wagler, 1832
Species: I. cruentus
Binomial name
Ithaginis cruentus
(Hardwicke, 1821)
Subspecies

12-14, see text.

Synonyms

Ithaginis cruentatus

Blood Pheasant, Ithaginis cruentus is a species of pheasant in the Phasianinae subfamily, and the only member of the Ithaginini tribe and Ithaginis genus. It is somewhat related to monals and tragopans.[2] The species has 12-14 subspecies, including nominate.[3]

DescriptionEdit

Blood Pheasants are small partridge-like pheasant; males measure 44–48 cm (17–19 in) (tail 16.5–18 cm (6.5–7.1 in)) while females measaure 39.5–42 cm (15.6–16.5 in) (tail 14–15.5 cm (5.5–6.1 in)); their weight ranges 410–655 g (14.5–23.1 oz).[3] Named for the red plumage on the male's head, the Blood Pheasant is relatively plain compared to other pheasants. The male is slightly larger than the female and has a generally greyer appearance, while the female is largely brown.[4]

SubspeciesEdit

There are 12-14 recognized subspecies:

  • I. c. affinis (CW Beebe, 1912) Sikkim Blood Pheasant - Sikkim region in India
  • I. c. annae Mayr & Birckhead, 1937 - Anna's Blood Pheasant – WC China (NW Sichuan). Possibly not distinct from berezowskii.[5]
  • I. c. beicki (Mayr and Birckhead, 1937) - Beick's Blood Pheasant - north central China
  • I. c. berezowskii (Bianchi, 1903) - Berezovski's Blood Pheasant - mountains of central China
  • I. c. clarkei (Rothschild, 1920) - Clarke's Blood Pheasant - southwest China
  • I. c. cruentus (Hardwicke, 1821) - Himalayan Blood Pheasant - northern Nepal to northwestern Bhutan
  • I. c. geoffroyi (Verreaux, 1867) - Geoffroy's Blood Pheasant - western China and southeast Tibet
  • I. c. holoptilus Greenway, 1933 Lijiang Blood Pheasant – CS China (known only from Lijiang District, in Yunnan). Possibly not distinct from rocki.[6]
  • I. c. kuseri (Beebe, 1912) - Kuser's Blood Pheasant - upper Assam in India and southeast Tibet
  • I. c. marionae (Mayr, 1941) - Mrs. Vernay's Blood Pheasant - mountains of southwest China and northeast Myanmar
  • I. c. michaelis (Bianchi, 1903) - Bianchi's Blood Pheasant - north central China
  • I. c. rocki (Riley, 1925) - Rock's Blood Pheasant - southwestern China
  • I. c. sinensis (David, 1873) - David's Blood Pheasant - central China
  • I. c. tibetanus (ECS Baker, 1914) - Tibetan Blood Pheasant - eastern Bhutan and southern Tibet

Similar speciesEdit

BehaviourEdit

DietEdit

CallsEdit

ReproductionEdit

Distribution/habitatEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ithaginis cruentus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Boyd III, John. "Phasianinae tree" (PDF). Taxonomy in Flux. Retrieved 29-08-17.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. ^ a b (Subscription required) McGowan, P.J.K., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2017). Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/53475 on 29 August 2017).
  4. ^ Frances, Peter; et al. (2007). Bird: The Definitive Visual Guide. Dorling Kindersley Inc. ISBN 1564582957. 
  5. ^ "Blood Pheasant (annae) Ithaginis cruentus berezowskii (annae) (= Ithaginis cruentus annae)". Avibase. 
  6. ^ "Blood Pheasant (holoptilus) Ithaginis cruentus rocki (holoptilus) (= Ithaginis cruentus holoptilus)". Avibase. 

External linksEdit

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