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Chalcopsitta
File:Cardinal Lory.png
Cardinal Lory
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittaculidae
Subfamily: Psittaculinae
Tribe: Loriini
Genus: Chalcopsitta
Lesson, 1833
Species

Chalcopsitta is a genus of parrot in the family Psittaculidae and the subfamily Loriinae. All four species are found on the islands of and around New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. The name Chalcopsitta is derived from the Greek khalkos meaning bronze and psitta for parrot.[1]

Description

The four species of the Chalcopsitta genus are about 31 – 32 cm (12 inches) long. They have long tails, and prominent bare skin at the base of the lower mandible. Males and females have similar external appearance, and juveniles have duller plumage with more marked bare eye-rings.[2]

Taxonomy

The Chalcopsitta genus contains four species and several subspecies:[3]

Chalcopsitta Bonaparte 1850

  • Chalcopsitta atra (Scopoli 1786) (Black Lory)
    • Chalcopsitta atra atra (Scopoli 1786)
    • Chalcopsitta atra bernsteini Rosenberg, HKB 1861
    • Chalcopsitta atra insignis Oustalet 1878
  • Chalcopsitta duivenbodei Dubois 1884 (Brown Lory)
    • Chalcopsitta duivenbodei duivenbodei Dubois 1884
    • Chalcopsitta duivenbodei syringanuchalis Neumann 1915
  • Chalcopsitta sintillata (Temminck 1835) (Yellowish-streaked Lory)
    • Chalcopsitta sintillata chloroptera Salvadori 1876
    • Chalcopsitta sintillata rubrifrons Gray, GR 1858
    • Chalcopsitta sintillata sintillata (Temminck 1835)
  • Chalcopsitta cardinalis (Gray, GR 1849) (Cardinal Lory)

Species details

Species of Chalcopsitta in taxonomic sequence
Common and binomial names[3] Image Description Range
Black Lory
Chalcopsitta atra
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32 cm long (12.5 in). Mostly black with blue rump. Black bill. Red markings on face, thighs, and tail vary between the three subspecies.[2] Misool Island and West Papua, New Guinea, Indonesia[4][5]
Brown Lory
Chalcopsitta duivenbodei
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31 cm (12 in) long. Mostly brown with a blue rump and yellow on face.[2] Northern New Guinea[5][6]
Yellowish-streaked Lory
Chalcopsitta sintillata
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31 cm long (12 in). Mostly Green with yellow streaking. Red on head varies between three subspecies.[2] Aru Islands and Southern New Guinea from Triton Bay in Papua to Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea[5][7]
Cardinal Lory
Chalcopsitta cardinalis
Chalcopsitta cardinalis
31 cm (12 in) long. All plumage is red. The beak is orange, and the bare skin at base of beak and around eyes is black.[2] Islands to the east and south of New Ireland, Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands[5][8]

Cited texts

External links

References

  1. ^ Jobling, James A. (1991). A Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 48. ISBN 0-19-854634-3. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Forshaw (2006). plate 7.
  3. ^ a b "Zoological Nomenclature Resource: Psittaciformes (Version 9.022)". www.zoonomen.net. 2009-03-28. 
  4. ^ BirdLife International (2008). Chalcopsitta atra. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 14 April 2009.
  5. ^ a b c d Collar (1997) pages 341
  6. ^ BirdLife International (2008). Chalcopsitta duivenbodei. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 14 April 2009.
  7. ^ BirdLife International (2008). Chalcopsitta sintillata. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 14 April 2009.
  8. ^ BirdLife International (2008). Chalcopsitta cardinalis. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 14 April 2009.

Template:Lories and lorikeets



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