Aegialites / Aegialitis
Many of the Charadrius species are characterised by breast bands or collars. These can be (in the adult) complete bands (Ringed, Semipalmated, Little Ringed, Long-billed), double or triple bands (Killdeer, Three-banded, Forbes', Two-banded, Double-banded) or partial collars (Kentish, Piping, Malaysian, Javan, Red-capped, Puna).
They have relatively short bills and feed mainly on insects, worms or other invertebrates, depending on habitat, which are obtained by a run-and-pause technique, rather than the steady probing of some other wader groups. They hunt by sight, rather than by feel as do longer-billed waders like snipe.
Species of the genus Aegialites (or Aegialitis) are now subsumed within Charadrius.
Species in taxonomic order
- Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus
- Semipalmated Plover, Charadrius semipalmatus
- Common Ringed Plover, Charadrius hiaticula
- Long-billed Plover, Charadrius placidus
- Piping Plover, Charadrius melodus
- Hayman, Marchant and Prater, Shorebirds ISBN 0-873403-19-4
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