Temporal range: Eocene–Recent
File:Rock Pigeon.png
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)
File:Great Bustard.png
Great Bustard (Otis tarda)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Neoaves
Clade: Columbaves
Prum et al., 2015

Columbaves is a clade that contains Columbimorphae (pigeons, mesites, and sandgrouse) and Otidimorphae (bustards, cuckoos, and turacos) discovered by genomic analysis.[1] This conflicts with the Columbea and Otidae hypotheses which Mirandornithes are the sister taxon to Columbimorphae and Cypselomorphae the sister taxon to Otidimorphae respectively.[2] Neither hypotheses supports the two subdivisions of Metaves and Coronoaves as previous studies had found.[3][4]



Musophagiformes (turacos) 50 px

Otidiformes (bustards) 50 px

Cuculiformes (cuckoos) Common Cuckoo


Columbiformes (pigeons and doves) 50 px

Mesitornithiformes (mesites)50 px

Pteroclidiformes (sandgrouses)Four-banded Sandgrouse

See also


  1. ^ Prum, R. O. et al. A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature (2015). doi:10.1038/nature15697
  2. ^ Jarvis, E.D.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds". Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. PMC 4405904Freely accessible. PMID 25504713. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. 
  3. ^ Ericson, P. G.P; Anderson, C. L; Britton, T.; Elzanowski, A.; Johansson, U. S; Kallersjo, M.; Ohlson, J. I; Parsons, T. J; Zuccon, D.; Mayr, G. (2006). "Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils". Biology Letters. 2 (4): 543–547. PMC 1834003Freely accessible. PMID 17148284. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2006.0523. 
  4. ^ Hackett, S. J.; Kimball, R. T.; Reddy, S.; et al. (2008). "A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History" (PDF). Science. 320 (5884): 1763–1768. PMID 18583609. doi:10.1126/science.1157704. 
Hemipus picatus This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.

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