Temporal range: Eocene–Recent
File:Victoria Crowned Pigeon Jurong.jpg
Victoria Crowned-Pigeon (Goura victoria)
File:Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis), non-breeding plumage.jpg
Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis)
Scientific classification (Possibly defunct)Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Neoaves
Clade: Columbea
Jarvis et al., 2014

Columbea is a clade that contains Columbiformes (pigeons and doves), Pteroclididae (sandgrouses), Mesitornithidae (mesites) and Mirandornithes (flamingos and grebes), discovered by genome analysis.[1] Until their recent placement as the sister taxon to Passerea, in the last decade various genetic analysis had found in the almost obsolete clade Metaves of uncertain placement within that group.[2][3]


Phoenicopteriformes (flamingos)

Podicipediformes (grebes)


Columbiformes (pigeons and doves)

Pteroclidiformes (sandgrouses)

Mesitornithiformes (mesites)


  1. ^ Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014) Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds. Science, 346(6215):1320-1331.
  2. ^ Ericson, P. G.P; Anderson, C. L; Britton, T.; Elzanowski, A.; Johansson, U. S; Kallersjo, M.; Ohlson, J. I; Parsons, T. J; Zuccon, D.; Mayr, G. (2006). "Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils". Biology Letters. 2 (4): 543–547. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2006.0523. 
  3. ^ Hackett, S. J.; Kimball, R. T.; Reddy, S.; et al. (2008). "A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History" (PDF). Science. 320 (5884): 1763–1768. doi:10.1126/science.1157704. 

Hemipus picatus This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.
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