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Corvida
Temporal range: Eocene-Recent, 55–0 Ma
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Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Clade: Euoscines
Infraorder: Corvida
Wagler, 1830
Families

Corvida is an infraorder of passerine birds. It includes the lyrebirds and scrub-birds. It is sister to Climacterida, Meliphagida, Pomatostomida, and Passerida.

Corvida may have evolved in New Guinea/Australia; their diversity increased in the Eocene or Oligocene in the New Guinea archipelago, and eventually migrated to Asia and the rest of the world (Jønsson, et al. 2011; Aggerbeck, et al. 2014).[1][2]

Distribution

Members of Corvida are cosmopolitan except for southern South America, some islands and Antarctica[3]; they are found from Australia[4] and New Zealand[5] to the United States and Canada, to South America, Africa, Europe and Asia.

Endemism

Mohouidae is only found in New Zealand.[5] Whistlers are endemic to Australasia (from India to Australia and New Guinea).[6]

Anatomy

Behaviour and diet

Taxonomy

Based on John Boyd III (2009)Template:TiFCorvidtree:

Passeriformes

Corvida


Cinclosomatoidea




Campephagoidea




Neosittoidea




Mohouoidea




Orioloidea





Malaconotoidea




Corvoidea











Families

Cinclosomatoidea

Campephagoidea

Neosittoidea

Mohouoidea

Orioloidea

Malaconotoidea

Corvoidea

Total = 7 superfamilies, 31 families, 162 genera, 838 species

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299px299px299pxMottled Berryhunter
Common IoraPityriasis gymnocephala 1838Yellow-crowned GonolekWoodward's Batis
Chabert's Vanga, Mangily, Madagascar-crop299pxSilktail299px
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References

  1. ^ Jønsson, K.A., P.-H. Fabrea, R.E. Ricklefs,, and J. Fjeldså (2011b), Major global radiation of corvoid birds originated in the proto-Papuan archipelago, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 108, 2328-2333.
  2. ^ Aggerbeck, M., J. Fjeldså, L. Christidis, P.-H. Fabre, K.A. Jønsson (2014), Resolving deep lineage divergences in core corvoid passerine birds supports a proto-Papuan island origin, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 70, 272-285.
  3. ^ Peterson, Roger Tory (1980). A Field Guide to the Birds East of the Rockies. Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 039526619X. 
  4. ^ Simpson & Day (1999). A Field Guide to the Birds of Australia, 6th Edition. Penguin. ISBN 0-691-04995-5. 
  5. ^ a b Perlo, Ber van (2011). Birds of New Zealand, Hawaii, and the Central and West Pacific. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780007287383. 
  6. ^ Frances, Peter; et al. (2007). Bird: The Definitive Visual Guide. Dorling Kindersley Inc. ISBN 1564582957. 
Hemipus picatus This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.
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