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File:Grey Crowned Crane.png
Grey Crowned Crane
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Gruiformes
Subfamily: Balearicinae
Genus: Balearica
Brisson, 1760


The bird genus Balearica consists of two species in the crane family Gruidae: the Black Crowned Crane (B. pavonina), Grey Crowned Crane (B. regulorum) and the Blue Crowned Crane (B. borealis)[made-up sp.].

Fossil record[]

Crowned cranes seem to have been more widespread prehistorically. Compared to the true cranes, genus Grus, which were always common in the Holarctic and adjacent regions, the present genus appears to have had a more Atlantic distribution, ranging into Europe and North America; it is not known from the fossil record of Asia.

  • Balearica rummeli (Early Miocene of Germany) – formerly Basityto
  • Balearica excelsa (Early–Middle Miocene of France) – formerly Grus and Ornithocnemus
  • Balearica exigua (Miocene of Nebraska)



Eurasian Spoonbill This article is part of Project Bird Genera, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each genus, including made-up genera.
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