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Dodo
Temporal range: Late Holocene
Skeleton and model of a Dodo
Dodo skeleton cast and model based on modern research, at Oxford University Museum of Natural History[1]
Status iucn3.1 EX
Extinct  (about 1662) (IUCN 3.1)[2]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Columbimorphae
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Subfamily: Raphinae
Tribe: Raphini
Genus: Raphus
Brisson, 1760
Species: R. cucullatus
Binomial name
Raphus cucullatus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
File:Mauritius island location.svg
Former range (area in blue)
Synonyms
  • Struthio cucullatus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Didus ineptus Linnaeus, 1766

The Dodo (Raphus cucullatus) is an extinct flightless bird that was endemic to the island of Mauritius, east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. Its closest genetic relative was the also extinct Rodrigues Solitaire, the two forming the subfamily Raphinae of the family of pigeons and doves. The closest living relative of the Dodo is the Nicobar Pigeon. A white Dodo was once incorrectly thought to have existed on the nearby island of Réunion.

800px-Dodo head and leg

Plaster cast of the dried Oxford head and London foot of a Dodo bird at the Booth Museum of Natural History.

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