Domesticated Guineafowl
File:Guinea fowl.png
An adult "pied" Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris)
Scientific classification e
Unrecognized taxon (fix): Numida
Species: Template:Taxonomy/NumidaN. meleagris
Binomial name
Numida meleagris
Linnaeus, 1758

Template:Nofootnotes Guineafowl, sometimes called Pintade, are a family of birds originating from Africa, related to other game birds such as the pheasants, turkeys and partridges; they have a long history of domestication, mainly involving the Helmeted Guineafowl.

File:Lavender Keet.jpg

A three-day-old keet

They lay 25-30 eggs in a deep, tapering nest. Their eggs are small, dark and extremely thick-shelled. The hens have a habit of hiding their nests, and sharing it with other hens until large numbers of eggs have accumulated. The incubation period is 26-28 days, and the chicks are called "keets". As keets, they are highly susceptible to dampness (they are indigenous to the drier/arid regions of Africa) and can die from following the mother through dewy grass. After their first two to six weeks of growth, though, they can be some of the hardiest domestic land fowl.

File:Adolescent Lavender Guineafowl.jpg

An adolescent Lavender

Sexing the birds is not as simple as telling a rooster from a hen chicken. When they are adults, the helmet and wattles of the male are larger than those of the female, and only the female makes the two-note cry imitated as "Buck-wheat!" or "Pot-Rack!" Aside from that, though, the two sexes are mostly identical in appearance.

As domestics, guineafowl are valuable pest controllers, eating many insects. They are especially beneficial in controlling the Lyme disease-carrying deer tick, as well as wasp nests. While they are rarely kept in large numbers, a few are sometimes kept with other fowl to be used as a security system against birds of prey. They will call with their loud, high shrieking voices if concerned about intruders. They are highly social birds, and tend to languish when alone.

Within the domesticated species, many color variations have been bred forth aside from the "pearl" or natural color of the Helmeted Guinea. These include White, Purple, Slate, Chocolate, Lavender, and Coral Blue, Bronze, Pewter, Buff Dundotte, Blonde and various Pieds.


  • Madge and McGowan,Pheasants, Partridges and Grouse ISBN 0-7136-3966-0
  • J.S. Ferguson, Gardening with Guineas ISBN 0-7392-0250-2 Comprehensive discussion of all aspects of raising domesticated guineafowl.

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