European Robin
Erithacus rubecula with cocked head
An adult in Lancashire, UK.
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Superfamily: Muscicapoidea
Family: Muscicapidae
Subfamily: Cossyphinae
Genus: Erithacus
Cuvier, 1800
Species: E. rubecula
Binomial name
Erithacus rubecula
(Linnaeus, 1758)
The European Robin (Erithacus rubecula), most commonly known in
Anglophone Europe simply as the Robin, is a small insectivorous passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family (Turdidae),[2] but is now considered to be a chat (family Muscicapidae).[3]

The term robin is also applied to some birds in other families with red or orange breasts. These include the American Robin (Turdus migratorius), which is a thrush, and the Australian red robins of the genus Petroica, members of the Australasian robin family.

Click for other names
Other common names In Anglophone Europe, just Robin.
Robin Red Breast . Erithacus Rubecula . European Robin

Robin Red Breast . Erithacus Rubecula . European Robin . British Garden Birds UK

A European Robin


Similar species







  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Erithacus rubecula". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Mullarney, Killian; Lars Svensson, Dan Zetterström and Peter J. Grant (1999). Birds of Europe. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691050538.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthor= (help)
  3. ^ Frances, Peter; et al. (2007). Bird: The Definitive Visual Guide. Dorling Kindersley Inc. ISBN 1564582957. 

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