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Flycatcher-shrikes
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Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike (H. hirundinaceus)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Infraorder: Corvida
Superfamily: Malaconotoidea
Family: Vangidae
Subfamily: Tephrodornithinae
Genus: Hemipus
Hodgson, 1844
Species

The flycatcher-shrikes are two species of small Asian passerine bird belonging to the genus Hemipus. They are traditionally placed in the cuckoo-shrike family, Campephagidae. It now appears that they, along with the woodshrikes and philentomas, are more closely related to the helmetshrikes, Prionopidae, and vangas, Vangidae.[1]

Description

They are 12.5–14.5 cm in length.[2] They are slender birds with fairly long wings and tails. The bill and feet are black.[3] The plumage is dark above and pale below with white on the rump. The Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike has a large white patch on the wing which the Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike lacks.[2]

Distribution and range

They are found in broad-leaved forest, forest edge and secondary forest in southern Asia. Both species have large ranges and are not considered to be threatened. The Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike occurs in the Indian Subcontinent, south-west China, mainland South-east Asia and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.[2] The Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike is found in the Malay Peninsula and on Sumatra, Borneo, Java and Bali.[3]

Behaviour

They forage actively in the forest canopy for insects. They are often found in groups and frequently join mixed-species foraging flocks.[3] They will also catch insects in flight.[4]

The nest is cup-shaped and built on a tree branch. Two or three eggs are laid; they are greenish or pinkish with darker markings.[2] Both parents are involved in building the nest, incubating the eggs and rearing the young.[4]

Species list

See also

The two shrike-flycatcher species of Africa are also occasionally known as flycatcher-shrikes:

References

  1. ^ Moyle, R.G., J. Cracraft, M. Lakim, J. Nais & F.H. Sheldon (2006), Reconsideration of the phylogenetic relationships of the enigmatic Bornean Bristlehead (Pityriasis gymnocephala), Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 39, 893-898.
  2. ^ a b c d Robson, Craig (2002) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-east Asia, New Holland, London.
  3. ^ a b c MacKinnon, John & Phillipps, Karen (1993) A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  4. ^ a b Perrins, Christopher, ed. (2004) The New Encyclopedia of Birds, Oxford University Press, Oxford.



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