|Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike (H. hirundinaceus)|
The flycatcher-shrikes are two species of small Asian passerine bird belonging to the genus Hemipus. They are traditionally placed in the cuckoo-shrike family, Campephagidae. It now appears that they, along with the woodshrikes and philentomas, are more closely related to the helmetshrikes, Prionopidae, and vangas, Vangidae.
They are 12.5–14.5 cm in length. They are slender birds with fairly long wings and tails. The bill and feet are black. The plumage is dark above and pale below with white on the rump. The Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike has a large white patch on the wing which the Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike lacks.
Distribution and range
They are found in broad-leaved forest, forest edge and secondary forest in southern Asia. Both species have large ranges and are not considered to be threatened. The Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike occurs in the Indian Subcontinent, south-west China, mainland South-east Asia and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. The Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike is found in the Malay Peninsula and on Sumatra, Borneo, Java and Bali.
The nest is cup-shaped and built on a tree branch. Two or three eggs are laid; they are greenish or pinkish with darker markings. Both parents are involved in building the nest, incubating the eggs and rearing the young.
The two shrike-flycatcher species of Africa are also occasionally known as flycatcher-shrikes:
- Crested Flycatcher-shrike: see Black-and-white Shrike-flycatcher (Bias musicus)
- Red-eyed Flycatcher-shrike: see African Shrike-flycatcher (Megabyas flammulatus)
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- ^ Moyle, R.G., J. Cracraft, M. Lakim, J. Nais & F.H. Sheldon (2006), Reconsideration of the phylogenetic relationships of the enigmatic Bornean Bristlehead (Pityriasis gymnocephala), Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 39, 893-898.
- ^ a b c d Robson, Craig (2002) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-east Asia, New Holland, London.
- ^ a b c MacKinnon, John & Phillipps, Karen (1993) A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
- ^ a b Perrins, Christopher, ed. (2004) The New Encyclopedia of Birds, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
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