George Robert Gray FRS (8 July 1808 – 6 May 1872) was an English zoologist and author, and head of the ornithological section of the British Museum, now the Natural History Museum, in London for forty-one years. He was the younger brother of John Edward Gray and the son of the botanist Samuel Frederick Gray.
Gray started at the British Museum as Assistant Keeper of the Zoology Branch in 1831.
He began by cataloguing insects, and published an Entomology of Australia (1833) and contributed the entomogical section to an English edition of Georges Cuvier's Animal Kingdom. Gray described many species of Lepidoptera.
In 1833, he was a founder of what became the Royal Entomological Society of London.
- The Entomology of Australia, in a series of Monographs. Part I. The Monograph of the Genus Phasma. London.
- 1831 The Zoological Miscellany Zool. Miscell. (1):  1-40
- 1846 Descriptions and Figures of some new Lepidopterous Insects chiefly from Nepal. London, Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans.
- 1852 Catalogue of Lepidopterous Insects in the British Museum. Part 1. Papilionidae. [1853 Jan], "1852" iii + 84pp., 13pls.
- 1871 A fasciculus of the Birds of China. London, Taylor and Francis.
- with Richard Bowdler Sharpe, The Zoology of the Voyage of HMS Erebus & HMS Terror. Birds of New Zealand., 1875. The revised edition of Gray (1846) (1875).
- Plates and text from Gray's 1833 Monograph on Phasmidae
- BHL Genera of Birds 1855 edition. No plates
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- Biographies for Birdwatchers, Mearns and Mearns, ISBN 0-12-487422-3
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