Quiscalus grackles
Male Common Grackle
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Clade: Nine-primaried oscines
Epifamily: Icteroidae
Clade: Blackbird and warbler group
Family: Icteridae
Subfamily: Agelaiinae
Genus: Quiscalus
Vieillot, 1816

The avian genus Quiscalus contains six of the ten species of grackle, gregarious passerine birds in the Icterid family. They are native to North and South America.


From New Latin, quiscala, meaning "quail".[1] Grackle from New Latin, graculus, a daw or jackdaw,[1] where it originated in Europe, where it applied to starlings in the Old World.[1]


The males have a glossy black plumage,[2] females are browner or greyer.[3] Both sexes have pale eyes.[2][3]

During breeding displays, the strongly graduated tail is held deeply keeled, giving a V-shaped cross section.[2] The keel-shaped tail of the Boat-tailed Grackle help differentiate it from the Fish Crow.[1]



There are seven species of grackles, one of which is now extinct, the Slender-billed Grackle.[2] It was found in Central Mexico and hasn't been seen since 1910.[2]



  1. ^ a b c d Terres, John K. (1980). The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN 0394466519. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Dunn, Jon L. and Alderfer, Jonathan (2011). National Geographic Completely Birds of North America. National Geographic Society. ISBN 9781426213731. 
  3. ^ a b Ridgely, Robert and Tudor, Guy (1989). The Birds of South America: The Oscine Passerines. University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292707568. 

External links


Eurasian Spoonbill This article is part of Project Bird Genera, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each genus, including made-up genera.
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