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Holarctic Redpoll
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Common subspecies.
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Clade: Nine-primaried oscines
Family: Fringillidae
Subfamily: Carduelinae
Tribe: Carduelini
Genus: Acanthis
Borkhausen, 1797
Species: A. flammea
Binomial name
Acanthis flammea
Linnaeus, 1758
Subspecies

See text

Synonyms

Carduelis

The Holarctic Redpoll, Acanthis flammea is a species of finch family Fringillidae found mostly in Europe and North America.

Taxonomy

The European birds have sometimes been separated as Lesser Redpoll, Acanthis cabaret, (e.g., BOU) but genetic studies have failed to find any differences between them and Common Redpolls (Ottvall et al., 2002).[1] Worse, Marthinsen et al. (2008) found little genetic difference between any of the redpolls.[2] There may be only one redpoll species.[3]

Mason and Taylor's detailed study using SNP's (2015) found little genetic differentiation among the redpolls. At this point the balance of the evidence is that there is only one species involved.[4]

Subspecies

It contains the following subspecies:[3]

Other names

Description

Similar species

Behaviour

Diet

Calls

The song of a Common Redpoll consists of a twittering series of trills while calls are a soft chit-chit-chit-chit and a faint swe-eet.[5]

Reproduction

Distribution/habitat

References

  1. ^ Ottvall, R., S. Bensch, G. Walinder, and J.T. Lifjeld (2002), No evidence of genetic differentiation between lesser redpolls Carduelis flammea cabaret and common redpolls Carduelis f. flammea, Avian Sci. 2, 237-244.
  2. ^ Marthinsen, G., L. Wennerberg, and J.T. Lifjeld (2008), Low support for separate species within the redpoll complex (Carduelis flammea-hornemanni-cabaret) from analyses of mtDNA and microsatellite markers, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 47, 1005-1017.
  3. ^ a b John H. Boyd III (November 11, 2011). "CORE PASSEROIDEA II: Passeridae through Fringillidae". TiF Checklist. Retrieved 4-04-2020.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. ^ Mason, N.A., and S.A. Taylor (2015), Differentially expressed genes match bill morphology and plumage despite largely undifferentiated genomes in a Holarctic songbird, Mol. Ecol. (forthcoming).
  5. ^ Krista Kagume (2005). Compact Guide to Ontario Birds. Lone Pine Publishing. ISBN 1551054671. 

External links

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