Temporal range: 0.195–0 Ma Pleistocene – Recent
File:Akha cropped hires.png
Adult human male (left) and female (right) from Southeast Asia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Hominidae
Genus: Homo
Species: H. sapiens
Binomial name
Homo sapiens
Linnaeus, 1758

Homo sapiens idaltu White et al., 2003
Homo sapiens sapiens

File:Homo Sapien range.png
Range of Homo sapiens (green)

A human is a member of the species Homo sapiens, which means 'wise man' in Latin.[3]

Biologists, since Linnaeus, put humans in the mammalian order of primates.[4] Apes are also primates, and are the nearest animal relations to humans. Humans, like other primates, are social animals. They usually live in groups, helping and protecting each other, and caring for their offspring (children). Humans are bipedal, which means they walk on two legs. Humans have a complex brain, which lets them use language, make ideas, and feel emotions. This brain, and the fact that arms are not needed for walking, lets humans use tools, which they do more than any other species.

There are humans living on every continent.[5] There are over 7 billion people living on planet Earth, as of 2012.[6]


  1. ^ a b Groves, C. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M, eds. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  2. ^ Global Mammal Assessment Team (2008). "Homo sapiens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 6 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "homo sapiens". 
  4. ^ Groves Colin; Wilson D.E. & Reeder D.M. (eds) 2005. Mammal species of the world. 3rd ed. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-801-88221-4
  5. ^ "A Timeline of Life". 
  6. ^ "World pop clock". US Census Bureau. 
Pseudocheirus peregrinus 2 Gould This article is part of Project Mammalia, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each mammal, including made-up species.
Order Primates This article is part of Project Primates, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each primate, including made-up species.
Template:Project Hominidae
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