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A fissure in a volcanically active region of the ocean floor from which superheated, chemical-laden water emerges. The energy in the chemicals fuels rich biological communities via the activities of chemosynthetic bacteria and archaea.[1]

See also

  • Submarine volcano
  • Chemosynthesis


  1. ^ France, Peter, Guerrero, Angeles Gavira; et al. (2006). Ocean. Dorling Kindersley Inc. ISBN 9780756636920. 

Further reading

External links

Template:Aquatic ecosystem topics Template:Modelling ecosystems

Anatomy of an amiotic egg.svg This article is part of Project Glossary, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each term related to animals.