The word ibis comes from Greek and Latin, and probably from the Ancient Egyptian. According to Josephus, Moses employed ibes against flying serpents during a desert campaign into Ethiopia in his early life. Pliny the Elder also recounted, “The Egyptians invoked [ibes] against the flying serpents.” 
Species in taxonomic order
- Genus Threskiornis
- Genus Pseudibis
- Genus Geronticus
- Genus Nipponia
- Crested Ibis, Nipponia nippon
- Genus Bostrychia
- Genus Theristicus
- Genus Cercibis
- Sharp-tailed Ibis, Cercibis oxycerca
- Genus Mesembrinibis
- Green Ibis, Mesembrinibis cayennensis
- Genus Phimosus
- Bare-faced Ibis, Phimosus infuscatus
- Genus Eudocimus
- Genus Plegadis
- Genus Lophotibis
- Madagascar Ibis, Lophotibis cristata
An extinct species, the Jamaican Ibis or Clubbed-wing Ibis (Xenicibis xympithecus) was uniquely characterized by its club-like wings.
The African Sacred Ibis was an object of religious veneration in ancient Egypt, particularly associated with the god, Thoth. At the town of Hermopolis, ibises were reared specifically for sacrificial purposes and in the Serapeum at Saqqara, archaeologists found the mummies of one and a half million ibises and hundreds of thousands of falcons.
According to local legend in the Birecik area, the Northern Bald Ibis was one of the first birds that Noah released from the Ark as a symbol of fertility, and a lingering religious sentiment in Turkey helped the colonies there to survive long after the demise of the species in Europe.
The mascot of the University of Miami is an American White Ibis. The ibis was selected as the school mascot because of its legendary bravery during hurricanes. According to legend, the ibis is the last sign of wildlife to take shelter before a hurricane hits and the first to reappear once the storm has passed.
- ^ "ibis". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Retrieved 6 October 2009.
- ^ C. A. M. Fennell, ed. (1892). The Stanford dictionary of Anglicised words and phrases. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 453. OCLC 1354115. Retrieved 6 October 2009.
- ^ a b Pierce, Robert Morris (1910). Dictionary of Hard Words. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company. p. 270. OCLC 4177508. Retrieved 6 October 2009.
- ^ Chambers Dictionary
- ^ Josephus, Flavius and William Whiston. The Works of Josephus : Complete and Unabridged. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1996, "Antiquities" 2.246.
- ^ Josephus, Flavius and William Whiston. The Works of Josephus : Complete and Unabridged. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1996, "Antiquities" 2.246, footnote referencing Natural History (Pliny) 10.28.
- ^ Fleming, Furgus; Alan Lothian; Duncan Baird Publishers. The Way to Eternity: Egyptian Myth. Amsterdam: Time-Life Books. 1997. pp. 66-67
- ^ Shuker, Karl (2003). The Beasts That Hide from Man: Seeking the World's Last Undiscovered Animals. Cosimo. pp. 166–168. ISBN 1931044643. "Dreams of a feathered Geronticus"
- ^ Beintema, Nienke. "Saving a charismatic bird" (PDF). AEWA Secretariat. Retrieved 11 December 2008.
- ^ Hurricane sports
- ^ The Scarlet Ibis
- Ibis videos - at Internet Bird Collection
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