FANDOM


Coloeus
File:Corvus monedula 01.JPG
Jackdaw
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Infraorder: Corvida
Superfamily: Corvoidea
Family: Corvidae
Subfamily: Corvinae
Genus: Coloeus

Coloeus is a genus of birds in the Corvidae family, the crows and allies. It contains two relatively small species both named as jackdaws.[1] They have a blackish crown, wings and tail, the rest of the plumage being paler.[2]

While some authors consider Coloeus a subgenus of Corvus, others have classified Coloeus as a distinct genus in the family Corvidae.[3] Following Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide,[4] the International Ornithological Congress has also reassigned the two jackdaw species from the genus Corvus to the genus Coloeus.[5]

The species are the Western Jackdaw Corvus monedula, which breeds in the British Isles and western Europe, Scandinavia, northern Asia and Northern Africa, and its eastern counterpart, the Daurian Jackdaw Corvus dauuricus, found from eastern Europe to Japan.[2] The eastern species is smaller than the Jackdaw, and in the adult the pale areas of the plumage are almost white, whereas in the western bird these areas are pale grey. The iris is pale in Jackdaw and dark in Daurian Jackdaw. The two species are otherwise very similar in shape, calls and behaviour. There is an argument for lumping the subgenus members as one species, but they do not interbreed where their ranges meet in Mongolia.[2]

References

  1. ^ Madge & Burn (1994) vii.
  2. ^ a b c Madge & Burn (1994) 136-138.
  3. ^ Haring, E.; Gamauf, A.; Kryukov, A. (2007). "Phylogeographic patterns in widespread corvid birds". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 45 (3): 840–862. PMID 17920300. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.06.016. 
  4. ^ Rasmussen, Pamela C.; Anderton, John C. (2005). Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-84-87334-67-2. 
  5. ^ Gill, F.; Donsker, D. (eds.). "Vireos, Crows & Allies". IOC World Bird List (version 2.8). Retrieved June 10, 2011. 

Works cited

  • Madge, Steve; Burn, Hilary (1994). Crows and Jays: A Guide to the Crows, Jays and Magpies of the World. A & C Black. ISBN 0-7136-3999-7.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help)
Eurasian Spoonbill This article is part of Project Bird Genera, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each genus, including made-up genera.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Please help by writing it in the style of All Birds Wiki!
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.