"Junco" is also a shrub in the genus Adolphia and the Spanish term for rushes (genus Juncus).

A Junco (11px /ˈʌŋk/), genus Junco, is a small North American bird. Junco systematics are still confusing after decades of research, with various authors accepting between three and twelve species. Despite having a name that appears to derive from the Spanish term for the plant genus Juncus (rushes), these birds are seldom found among rush plants, as these prefer wet ground, while junco like dry soil.


  • Dark-eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis
    • Gray-headed Junco, Junco hyemalis caniceps—sometimes considered distinct species
    • Oregon Juncos, oreganus subspecies group—considered by some to be a distinct species
    • Pink-sided Junco, Junco hyemalis mearnsi—sometimes included with oreganus group in distinct species
    • Red-backed Junco, Junco hyemalis dorsalis—sometimes included with J. h. caniceps in distinct species
    • Slate-colored Juncos, hyemalis subspecies group—sometimes considered distinct species
    • White-winged Junco, Junco hyemalis aikeni—sometimes considered distinct species
    • Guadalupe Junco, Junco insularis—sometimes included in J. hyemalis
  • Yellow-eyed Junco, Junco phaeonotus
    • Baird's Junco, bairdi group
    • Chiapas Junco, fulvescens group
    • Guatemala Junco, alticola group
    • Mexican Junco, phaeonotus group
  • Volcano Junco, Junco vulcani
File:Pink sided junco 1300x950.jpg

A pink-sided junco in Elizabeth, Colorado


  1. ^ John H. Boyd III (September 12, 2011). "CORE PASSEROIDEA IV: Emberizidae and Passerellidae". TiF Checklist. Retrieved 23-01-2021.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

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