Temporal range: late Oligocene
Artist's impression of Kairuku
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Aequorlitornithes
Clade: Ardeae
Clade: Aequornithes
Clade: Austrodyptornithes
Family: Spheniscidae
Genus: Kairuku
Ksepka, Fordyce, Ando & Jones, 2012
Type species
Kairuku waitaki
Ksepka, Fordyce, Ando & Jones, 2012

Kairuku is an extinct genus of penguin.[1] It contains two species, K. grebneffi and K. waitaki.[2] This taxon is known from bones from 27 MYA (late Oligocene), from the Kokoamu Greensand Formation of New Zealand.[1]


  1. ^ a b Ksepka, D.T., Fordyce, R.E., Ando, T. and Jones, C.M. (2012). "New fossil penguins (Aves, Sphenisciformes) from the Oligocene of New Zealand reveal the skeletal plan of stem penguins". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 32 (2): 235–254. doi:10.1080/02724634.2012.652051. 
  2. ^ Giant Prehistoric Penguin was Bigger Than an Emperor | Observations, Scientific American Blog Network

External links

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