All Birds Wiki
Advertisement
Automatic taxobox help
Thanks for creating an automatic taxobox. We don't know the taxonomy of "Anodorhynchus".
  • Is "Anodorhynchus" the scientific name of your taxon? If you were editing the page "Animal", you'd need to specify |taxon=Animalia. If you've changed this, press "Preview" to update this message.
  • Click here to enter the taxonomic details for "Anodorhynchus".
Common parameters
  • |authority= Who described the taxon
  • |parent authority= Who described the next taxon up the list
  • |display parents=4 force the display of (e.g.) 4 parent taxa
  • |display children= Display any subdivisions already in Wikipedia's database (e.g. genera within a family)
Helpful links
</noinclude>
Anodorhynchus
File:Hyacinth Macaw.png
Hyacinth Macaw
Scientific classification e
Unrecognized taxon (fix): Anodorhynchus
species
  • Anodorhynchus glaucus
  • Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
  • Anodorhynchus leari

Anodorhynchus is a genus of large blue macaws from open and semi-open habitats in central and eastern South America. Of the three species in the genus, two are endangered and one is probably already extinct. Additionally, a hypothetical extinct species has been postulated based on very little evidence. At about 100 centimetres (39 in) in length the Hyacinth Macaw is the longest parrot in the world. The three species mainly feed on the nuts from a few species of palms (notably Acrocomia aculeata, Attalea phalerata, Butia yatay and Syagrus coronata).

Taxonomy[]

There are three well established species of the genus, Anodorhynchus Spix, 1824:[1]

Besides the three recognised species, there is the Oné Couli, Anodorhynchus purpurascens, which was described by Rothschild and featured in his book, Extinct Birds published in 1907, but there is very little evidence to support it as separate species and it should be regarded as a hypothetical extinct species. In the absence of a specimen, Rothschild scientifically described and named it as a separate species based on the evidence that violet macaws were said to have inhabited the island of Guadeloupe; however, they were probably Hyacinth Macaws imported from the mainland of South America.[2]

Species[]

The three well established species are monotypic:[1]

Species
Common and binomial names[1] Image Description Range
Glaucous Macaw
(Anodorhynchus glaucus)
File:Anodorhynchus glaucus.jpg
70 cm (27.5 in) long, mostly pale turquoise-blue with a large greyish head. It has a long tail and a large bill. It has a yellow, bare eye-ring and half-moon-shaped lappets bordering the mandible.[3] South America
(probably extinct)
Hyacinth Macaw
or Hyacinthine Macaw
(Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus)
File:Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus -Australia Zoo -8-2c.jpg
100 cm (39 in) long, 120-140 cm (48-56 in) wingspan. It is almost entirely blue and has black under the wings. It has a large black beak with bright yellow along the sides of the lower part of the beak and also yellow eyerings.[4] South America
Lear's Macaw
or Indigo Macaw
(Anodorhynchus leari)
Anodorhynchus leari by Edward Lear
70 cm (27.5 in) long, mainly blue and the head is a slightly paler blue. It has bare pale yellow skin at the base of its beak and orange-yellow eyerings. It has a large blackish beak.[5] Brazil

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ a b c "Zoological Nomenclature Resource: Psittaciformes (Version 9.004)". www.zoonomen.net. 2008-07-05. 
  2. ^ Fuller, Errol (1987). Extinct Birds. Penguin Books (England). pp. 148–9. ISBN 0670817972 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help). 
  3. ^ "Species factsheet: Anodorhynchus glaucus". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 24 July 2008. 
  4. ^ "Species factsheet: Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 24 July 2008. 
  5. ^ "Species factsheet: Anodorhynchus leari". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 24 July 2008. 



Eurasian Spoonbill This article is part of Project Bird Genera, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each genus, including made-up genera.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Please help by writing it in the style of All Birds Wiki!
Advertisement