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The antbirds are a large family, Thamnophilidae, of smallish passerine bird species of subtropical and tropical Central and South America. The family has more than 200 species and includes the antshrikes, antwrens, antvireos, fire-eyes, bare-eyes and bushbirds. They are closely related to the antthrushes and antpittas in the family Formicariidae, the tapaculos, and especially the gnateaters.[1][2]


Subfamily Terenurinae[]

Subfamily Myrmornithinae[]

Subfamily Thamnophilinae: antshrikes and relatives[]

Tribe Microrhopini[]

Tribe Formicivorini[]

Tribe Thamnophilini[]

File:Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus .jpg

Rufous-winged Antwren

Tribe Pyriglenini[]

File:Dotted winged antwren (Drake Bay).jpg

Male Black-hooded Antshrike

File:Pyriglena leucoptera.jpg

White-shouldered Fire-eye

Tribe: Pithyini: Ant-followers[]

Tribe: Drymophilini[]


  • Irestedt, Martin; Fjeldså, Jon; Nylander, Johan A. A. & Ericson, Per G. P. (2004): Phylogenetic relationships of typical antbirds (Thamnophilidae) and test of incongruence based on Bayes factors. BMC Evol. Biol. 4: 23. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-4-23 Supplementary information
  • Isler, M., P. Isler, B. Whitney, and K. Zimmer (2007). Species limits in the "Schistocichla" complex of Percnostola Antbirds (Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae). Wilson Bull. 119(1): 53-70.
  • Isler, M., P. Isler, and B. Whitney (2007). Species limits in Antbirds (Thamnophilidae): The Warbling Antbird (Hypocnemis cantator) complex. Auk 124(1): 11-28.
  • Isler, M., D. Lacerda, P. Isler, S. Hackett, K. Rosenberg, and R. Brumfield (2006). Epinecrophylla, a new genus of antwrens (Aves: Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 119(4): 522-527


  1. ^ Irestedt, Martin; Fjeldså, Jon; Johansson, Ulf S. & Ericson, Per G.P. (2002): Systematic relationships and biogeography of the tracheophone suboscines (Aves: Passeriformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 23(3): 499–512. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00034-9 (HTML abstract)
  2. ^ Rice, Nathan H. (2005): Further Evidence for Paraphyly of the Formicariidae (Passeriformes). Condor 107(4): 910-915. doi:10.1650/7696.1 PDF fulltext
  3. ^ a b c d e f Placement here needs confirmation.
  4. ^ South American Classification Committee (2007) Revive the genus Dichropogon - Accessed 8 April 2008.
  5. ^ Reassign Dichropogon to Willisornis - South American Classification Committee (2008)