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File:King Penguins at Salisbury Plain (5719466981).png
File:Ostriches cape point cropped.png

This page lists living orders and families of birds. The links below should then lead to family accounts and hence to individual species.

The passerines (perching birds) alone account for well over 5,000 species. In total there are about 10,000 species of birds described worldwide, though one estimate of the real number places it at almost twice that.[1]

Taxonomy is very fluid in the age of DNA analysis, so comments are made where appropriate, and all numbers are approximate. In particular see Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy for a very different classification.

Phylogeny

Cladogram of modern bird relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[2] with some clade names after Yuri, T. et al. (2013).[3]

Aves
Palaeognathae
Struthionimorphae

Struthioniformes (ostriches)[4]


Notopalaeognathae

Rheimorphae

Rheiformes (rheas)


Novaeratitae

Casuariiformes (cassowaries & emus)




Apterygiformes (kiwi)



Aepyornithiformes (elephant birds)





Tinamimorphae

Dinornithiformes (moas)




Lithornithiformes (false tinamous)



Tinamiformes (tinamous)






Neognathae
Galloanserae
Gallomorphae

Galliformes (landfowl)


Odontoanserae

Odontopterygiformes


Anserimorphae


Vegaviiformes[5]



Gastornithiformes




Anseriformes (waterfowl)





Neoaves
Columbea
Mirandornithes

Phoenicopteriformes (flamingoes)



Podicipediformes (grebes)



Columbimorphae


Mesitornithiformes (mesites)



Pterocliformes (sandgrouse)




Columbiformes (pigeons)




Passerea
Otidae
Otidimorphae

Cuculiformes (cuckoos)




Otidiformes (bustards)



Musophagiformes (turacos)




Cypselomorphae

Caprimulgiformes (nightjars)




Nyctibiiformes (oilbirds & potoos)




Podargiformes (frogmouths)




Aegotheliformes (owlet-nightjars)



Apodiformes (hummingbirds & swifts)








Gruae

Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)


Cursorimorphae

Gruiformes (rails and cranes)



Charadriiformes (shorebirds)





Ardeae
Phaethontimorphae

Eurypygiformes (sunbittern, kagu)



Phaethontiformes (tropicbirds)



Aequornithes

Gaviiformes (loons)



Austrodyptornithes

Procellariiformes (albatross and petrels)



Sphenisciformes (penguins)





Ciconiiformes (storks)




Suliformes (boobies, cormorants, etc.)



Pelecaniformes (pelicans, herons & egrets)







Telluraves
Afroaves
Accipitrimorphae

Cathartiformes (condors and New World vultures)



Accipitriformes (hawks, eagles, vultures, etc.)





Strigiformes (owls)


Coraciimorphae

Coliiformes (mousebirds)


Cavitaves

Leptosomiformes (cuckoo roller)


Eucavitaves

Trogoniformes (trogons)


Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)


Picodynastornithes

Coraciiformes (kingfishers etc.)



Piciformes (woodpeckers etc.)









Australaves

Cariamiformes (seriemas)


Eufalconimorphae

Falconiformes (falcons)


Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)



Passeriformes (songbirds and kin)












Palaeognathae

Notopalaeognathae

Rheimorphae

Tinamimorphae

Novaeratitae

References

  1. ^ Barrowclough GF, Cracraft J, Klicka J, Zink RM (2016) How Many Kinds of Birds Are There and Why Does It Matter? PLoS ONE 11(11): e0166307. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0166307
  2. ^ Jarvis, E.D.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds". Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. PMC 4405904Freely accessible. PMID 25504713. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. 
  3. ^ Yuri, T.; et al. (2013). "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals". Biology. 2 (1): 419–444. PMC 4009869Freely accessible. PMID 24832669. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. 
  4. ^ Boyd, John (2007). "NEORNITHES: 46 Orders" (PDF). John Boyd's website. Retrieved 30 December 2017. Template:Unreliable source
  5. ^ Worthy, T.H.; Degrange, F.J.; Handley, W.D.; Lee, M.S.Y. (2017). "The evolution of giant flightless birds and novel phylogenetic relationships for extinct fowl (Aves, Galloanseres)". Royal Society Open Science. 11. 
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