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This is a list of North American mammals. It includes all mammals currently found in North America north of Mexico, whether resident or as migrants. It does not include species found only in captivity. Mammal species that went extinct in the last 10,000 to 13,000 years are included here. Each species is listed, with its binomial name. Most established introduced species occurring across multiple states and provinces are also noted. Some species are identified as indicated below:

  • (A) = Accidental occurrence based on one or a few records, and unlikely to occur regularly.
  • (E) = Extinct; any member of the fauna that died out between 13,000 years ago to present times.
  • (Ex) = Extirpated; no longer occurs in area of interest, but other populations still exist elsewhere.
  • (I) = Introduced population established solely as result of direct or indirect human intervention; synonymous with non-native and non-indigenous.

Template:IUCN 3.1 navmap/full Summary of 2006 IUCN Red List categories.

Conservation status - IUCN Red List of Threatened Species:

EX - Extinct, EW - Extinct in the Wild
CR - Critically Endangered, EN - Endangered, VU - Vulnerable
NT - Near Threatened, LC - Least Concern
DD - Data Deficient, NE - Not Evaluated
(v. 2013.2, the data is current as of March 5, 2014[1])

and Endangered Species Act:

E - endangered, T - threatened
XN, XE - experimental non essential or essential population
E(S/A), T(S/A) - endangered or threatened due to similarity of appearance
(selected only taxa found in the USA, the data is current as of June 8, 2012[2])

Didelphimorphia

Didelphidae

Cingulata

Dasypodidae

Dasypodinae

Dasypus

Glyptodontidae

Glyptotherium

Glyptodon

Pampatheriidae

Holmesina

Pilosa

Megalonychidae

File:Megalonyx wheatleyi.JPG

Megatheriidae

Mylodontidae

Rodents

Aplodontiidae

Castoridae

Castor canadensis

North American Beaver

Dipodidae

Erethizontidae

Caviidae

Geomyidae

There has been much debate among taxonomists about which races of pocket gopher should be recognized as full species, and the following list cannot be regarded as definitive.

File:Thomomys bottae.jpg

Heteromyidae

File:Ord's kangaroo rat.jpg

Sciuridae

File:Eastern Grey Squirrel in St James's Park, London - Nov 2006 edit.jpg
Cynomys ludovicianus

Black-tailed Prairie Dog

File:Groundhog-Standing2.jpg
File:Golden-Mantled Ground Squirrel, Mount Rainier, July 2006.jpg
File:EasternChipmunk23.jpg

Muroidea

There has been much debate among taxonomists about which races of mice and voles should be recognized as full species, and the following list cannot be regarded as definitive.

File:Microtus pennsylvanicus.jpg
File:Ondatra zibethicus FWS.jpg
File:Peromyscus maniculatus.jpg
File:Peromyscus eremicus.jpg

Lagomorphs

Leporidae

File:Btjackrabbit.jpg

Ochotonidae

Primates

  • Human Homo sapiens sapiens (H. sapiens: LC) [3]

Soricomorpha

Talpidae

File:Condylura.jpg

Soricidae

File:NShortTailedShrew23.jpg
File:MaskedShrew23.jpg

Chiroptera

Vespertilionidae

File:Indiana Bat FWS.jpg
File:Leptonycteris nivalis.jpg

Molossidae

Antrozoidae

Mormoopidae

Noctilionidae

Phyllostomidae

Carnivora

Felidae

Canidae

File:Canis lupus laying.jpg

Ursidae

Procyonidae

Mustelidae

File:LutraCanadensis fullres.jpg

Mephitidae

Otariidae

Odobenidae

Phocidae

File:Seehund.jpg

Proboscidea

File:MammothVsMastodon.jpg

Elephantidae

Mammutidae

Perissodactyla

Equidae

Tapiridae

Cetartiodactyla

Camelidae

Tayassuidae

Bovidae

File:American bison k5680-1.jpg

Cervidae

Antilocapridae

Cetacea

Delphinidae (Oceanic dolphins)

File:Killerwhales jumping.jpg

Monodontidae

  • Beluga Delphinapterus leucas NT E (Cook Inlet subpopulation: CR)
  • Narwhal Monodon monoceros NT

Kogiidae

Physeteridae

Ziphiidae (Beaked whales)

File:Bluewhale 300.jpg

Eschrichtiidae

Balaenopteridae (Rorquals)

File:Manatee Florida.jpg

Balaenidae

Sirenia (Sea cows)

Trichechidae

  • West Indian Manatee Trichechus manatus VU E
    (ssp. manatus - Antillean or Caribbean manatee: EN, ssp. latirostris - Florida manatee: EN)

Dugongidae

Introduced Animals

Myocastoridae

  • Nutria Myocastor coypus (I) LC

Muroidea

Leporidae

Cercopithecidae

Felidae

File:AfricanWildCat.jpg

Canidae

Mustelidae

Equidae

Suidae

Bovidae

Cervidae

See also

References

  1. ^ "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "Title 50: Wildlife and Fisheries, § 17.11 Endangered and threatened wildlife.". US Government Printing Office. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Ruedas, L., Heaney, L. & Molur, S. (2008). "Rattus exulans". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  5. ^ Williams, J. Morgan (1973). "The Ecology of Rattus exulans (Peale) Reviewed" (PDF). Pacific Science. University of Hawaii Press. 27 (2): 120–127. ISSN 0030-8870. 
  6. ^ The State | Homepage
  7. ^ Development of the Morgan Island rhesus monkey col...[P R Health Sci J. 1989] - PubMed Result
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ Wolfe, Linda, Cambridge University Press (2002). "Primates Face to Face": 320. ISBN 0-521-79109-X. 
  10. ^ [3]
  11. ^ [4]
  12. ^ [5]
  13. ^ [6]
  14. ^ [7]
  15. ^ [8]
  16. ^ [9]
  17. ^ [10]
  18. ^ [11]
  19. ^ [12]
  • Wilson, Don E. (2002). Mammals of North America. Illustrated by Sandra Doyle, Nancy Halliday, Ron Klingner, Elizabeth McClelland, Consie Powell, Wendy Smith, Todd Zalewski, Diane Gibbons, Susan C. Morse, Jesse Guertin. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-07012-1. 
  • Grossenheider (Illustrations), Richard Philip (1976). A Field Guide to the Mammals. North America north of Mexixo. Peterson Field Guides (Third ed.). Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-395-91098-6. 
  • Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4. 
  • Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Mammals of North America
  • Nowak, Ronald M. Walker's Mammals of the World (6th ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-5789-9. 
  • Robert J. Baker, Lisa C. Bradley, Robert D. Bradley, Jerry W. Dragoo, Mark D. Engstrom, Robert S. Hoffmann, Cheri A. Jones, Fiona Reid, Dale W. Rice, and Clyde Jones (01 December 2003). "Revised checklist of North American mammals north of Mexico, 2003" (PDF). Occasional Papers. Museum of Texas Tech University (229). ISSN 0149-175X. Retrieved 9 March 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help); External link in |journal= (help)

External links

Template:North America topic

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