Curl-crested Manucode
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Infraorder: Corvida
Superfamily: Corvoidea
Family: Paradisaeidae
Subfamily: Phonygamminae
G.R. Gray, 1846
Genera and species

Manucodes are birds-of-paradise in the subfamily Phonygamminae, that are medium-sized with black-glossed purple and green plumages.

The members of this subfamily are distributed in the lowland forests of New Guinea and nearby islands. They are monogamous and sexually monomorphic,[1] in contrast to most birds-of-paradise.

The name Manucodia is derived from Javanese "manuk dewata"; "manuk" means bird and "dewata" means gods.



  1. ^ Firth, Clifford B.; Firth, Dawn W. (2009), "Family Paradisaeidae (Birds-of-paradise)", in del Hoyo, Josep; Elliott, Andrew; Christie, David, Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14, Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 404–459, ISBN 978-84-96553-50-7 



Wrybill This article is part of Project Bird Subfamilies, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each bird subfamily, including made-up families.
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