Nine-primaried oscines[1]
Black-headed Bunting
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Clade: Passerid clade
Clade: Nine-primaried oscines

Nine-primaried oscines:


Emberizidae (sensu lato)
Fringillidae (sensu lato)

Nine-primaried oscines (Latin oscen, from a singing bird[2]) are a group of passerines in the Passeroidea superfamily. They are named because they appear to have nine primaries, however; they actually have ten, but it is hidden under the ninth primary covert.[3]

Nine-primaried oscines are cosmopolitan.

Brightly Coloured Birds by Edmund Sawyer

A painting with many NPOs, and a Red-headed Woodpecker.

It contains the following families:

  1. Motacillidae (7 genera, 66 species)[1]
  2. Fringillidae (54 genera, 218 species)[1]
  3. Calcariidae (2 genera, 6 species)[4]
  4. Rhodinocichlidae (1 genus, 1 species)[4]
  5. Emberizidae (1 genus, 43 species)[4]
  6. Passerellidae (28 genera, 138 species)[4]
  7. Phaenicophilidae (6 genera, 11 species)[5]
  8. Incertae sedis: Zeledonia and Teretistris (2 genera, 3 species)[5]
  9. Icteridae (31 genera, 113 species)[5]
  10. Parulidae (29 genera, 132 species)[5]
  11. Mitrospingidae (3 genera, 4 species)[6]
  12. Cardinalidae (12 genera, 54 species)[6]
  13. Thraupidae (97 genera, 380 species)[6]

Total: 272 genera, 1049 species.


  1. ^ a b c John H. Boyd III (November 11, 2011). "CORE PASSEROIDEA II: Passeridae through Fringillidae". TiF Checklist. Retrieved 14-07-2020.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ Terres, John K. (1980). The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN 0394466519. 
  3. ^ Hall, K.S.S. (2005), Do nine-primaried passerines have nine or ten primary feathers? The evolution of a concept, J. Ornithol. 146, 121-126.
  4. ^ a b c d John H. Boyd III (September 14, 2011). "CORE PASSEROIDEA III: Calcariidae, Lamprospizidae, Parulidae, Icteridae". TiF Checklist. Retrieved 14-07-2020.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  5. ^ a b c d John H. Boyd III (September 12, 2011). "CORE PASSEROIDEA IV: Emberizidae and Passerellidae". TiF Checklist. Retrieved 14-07-2020.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  6. ^ a b c John H. Boyd III (November 17, 2011). "CORE PASSEROIDEA V: Cardinalidae and Thraupidae". TiF Checklist. Retrieved 14-07-2020.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
Anatomy of an amiotic egg This article is part of Project Glossary, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each term related to animals.

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