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Opisthocomids
Temporal range: Late Eocene - Recent, Late Eocene–0
File:Hoatzins in Brazil.jpg
Hoatzin (Opisthocomus hoazin)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Opisthocomiformes
L'Herminier, 1837
Family: Opisthocomidae
Swainson, 1837
Type species
Phasianus hoazin
Muller, 1776
genus
Synonyms

?Foratidae
Hoazinoididae
?Onychopterygidae

Opisthocomidae is a group of birds, the only named family within the order Opisthocomiformes. The only living representative is the Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin, which lives in the Amazon and the Orinoco delta in South America. Several fossil species have been identified, including one from Africa[1] and one from Europe.[2]

References

  1. ^ Mayr, G., Alvarenga, H. and Mourer-Chauviré, C. (2011). "Out of Africa: Fossils shed light on the origin of the hoatzin, an iconic Neotropic bird." Naturwissenschaften, doi:10.1007/s00114-011-0849-1 PMID 21964974
  2. ^ Gerald Mayr and Vanesa L. De Pietri (2014). "Earliest and first Northern Hemispheric hoatzin fossils substantiate Old World origin of a "Neotropic endemic"". Naturwissenschaften. in press. doi:10.1007/s00114-014-1144-8. 


200x200px This article is part of Project Bird Orders, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each bird order, including made-up orders.
Sterna diversity This article is part of Project Bird Families, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each bird family, including made-up families.
Hemipus picatus This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.



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