Temporal range: Late Miocene to Recent
Tiger (Panthera tigris)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Pantherinae
Pocock, 1917


File:Pantherinae range.png
Pantherinae ranges

Pantherinae is the subfamily of the Felidae family that includes the genera Panthera, Uncia and Neofelis.[1]

The divergence of Pantherinae from Felinae has been ranked between six and ten million years ago.[2] DNA analysis suggests that the snow leopard Uncia uncia is basal to the entire Pantherinae and should be renamed Panthera uncia. There is also evidence of distinct markers for the mitochondrial genome for Felidae.[3][4]

Another DNA based study has suggested that the branching order was Panthera tigris first, followed by Panthera onca, Panthera leo, and the last two sister species: Panthera pardus and Panthera uncia.[5]



  1. ^ a b c Template:MSW3 Wozencraft
  2. ^ Johnson, W.E., Eizirik, E., Pecon-Slattery, J., Murphy, W.J., Antunes, A., Teeling, E., O'Brien, S.J. (2006). "The Late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: A genetic assessment" (abstract). Science. 311 (5757): 73–77. PMID 16400146. doi:10.1126/science.1122277. 
  3. ^ Lei Wei, Xiaobing Wu and Zhigang Jiang (2008) The complete mitochondrial genome structure of snow leopard Panthera uncia Molecular Biology Reports 36(5): 871–878. doi:10.1007/s11033-008-9257-9
  4. ^ Li Yu, Qing-wei Li, Ryder, O.A., Ya-ping Zhang (2004). Phylogenetic relationships within mammalian order Carnivora indicated by sequences of two nuclear DNA genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33: 694–705.
  5. ^ Yu, L., Zhang, Y. P. (2005). Phylogenetic studies of pantherine cats (Felidae) based on multiple genes, with novel application of nuclear beta fibrinogen intron 7 to carnivores. Molecular Phylogenetic Evolution 35(2): 483–495.
  6. ^ Kitchener, A.; et al. (2006-12-05). "Geographical Variation in the Clouded Leopard, Neofelis nebulosa, Reveals Two Species". Current Biology. 16 (23): 2377–2383. PMID 17141621. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2006.10.066. 

Template:Project Mammal Subfamilies

Mammal Diversity 2011 This article is part of Project Mammal Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to mammals.
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