|Red-throated Parrotfinch (Erythrura psittacea)|
About 12, see text.
Parrotfinches are small, colourful passerine birds belonging to the genus Erythrura in the family Estrildidae, the estrildid finches. They occur from South-east Asia to New Guinea, northern Australia and many Pacific Islands. They inhabit forest, bamboo thickets and grassland and some can be found in man-made habitats such as farmland, parks and gardens. Several species are commonly kept as cagebirds.
They are 9 to 15 cm long. The plumage is usually mainly green. Most species have blue or red markings on the head and a red rump and tail. The tail is pointed and often fairly long.
There are 10-13 species of parrotfinch.
- Gouldian Finch, Erythrura gouldiae
- Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch or Green-tailed Parrotfinch, Erythrura hyperythra
- Pin-tailed Parrotfinch, Erythrura prasina
- Green-faced Parrotfinch, Erythrura viridifacies
- Tricoloured Parrotfinch or Three-coloured Parrotfinch, Erythrura tricolor
- Red-eared Parrotfinch or Mount Katanglad Parrotfinch, Erythrura coloria
- Blue-faced Parrotfinch, Erythrura trichroa
- Papuan Parrotfinch, Erythrura papuana
- Red-throated Parrotfinch, Erythrura psittacea
- Red-headed Parrotfinch, Erythrura cyaneovirens
- Royal Parrotfinch, Erythrura regia
- Fiji Parrotfinch, Erythrura pealii
- Pink-billed Parrotfinch, Erythrura kleinschmidti
- Clement, Peter; Harris, Alan & Davies, John (1993) Finches and Sparrows: An Identification Guide, Christopher Helm, London.
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