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Passerea
Temporal range:
Late Cretaceous - Holocene, 75–0 Ma
File:Beautiful Firetail.png
Beautiful Firetail (Stagonopleura bella)
Scientific classification (Possibly defunct)Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Neoaves
Clade: Passerea
Jarvis et al., 2014
Clades

Passerea is a clade that was proposed by Jarvis et al. (2014).[1] Jarvis et al. rescued two major clades within Neoaves, Passerea and Columbea, and concluded that both clades appear to have many ecologically driven convergent traits.

According to Jarvis (2014), these convergences include the footpropelled diving trait of grebes in Columbea with loons and cormorants in Passerea; the wading-feeding trait of flamingos in Columbea with ibises and egrets in Passerea; and pigeons and sandgrouse in Columbea with shorebirds (killdeer) in Passerea. For Jarvis (2014), these long-known trait and morphological alliances suggest that some of the traditional nongenomic trait classifications are based on polyphyletic assemblages.

Nevertheless, Passerea was not rescued in further studies.[2]

Phylogeny

Cladogram of Passerea relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[1] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013)[3] and Kimball et al. 2013.[4]

Passerea
Otidae

Cypselomorphae (hummingbirds, swifts)Ruby-throated Hummingbird


Otidimorphae

Cuculiformes (cuckoos)Common Cuckoo




Otidiformes (bustards)30 px



Musophagiformes (turacos)50 px






Gruae

Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)Hoatzin


Gruimorphae

Gruiformes (rails and cranes)50 px



Charadriiformes (shorebirds)Common Tern





Ardeae

Aequornithes (loons, penguins, herons, pelicans, storks, etc)30 px50 px


Eurypygimorphae

Eurypygiformes (sunbittern, kagu)50 px



Phaethontiformes (tropicbirds)50 px





Telluraves





Telluraves
Afroaves
Accipitrimorphae

CathartiformesBlack Vulture



AccipitriformesPearl Kite





Strigiformes (owls)Western Barn-Owl


Coraciimorphae

Coliiformes (mousebirds)Speckled Mousebird


Cavitaves

Leptosomatiformes (cuckoo roller)Cuckoo Roller


Eucavitaves

Trogoniformes (trogons)Surucua Trogon


Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)Abyssinian Ground-Hornbill


Picodynastornithes

CoraciiformesWhite-throated Kingfisher2



PiciformesGreat Spotted WoodpeckerToco Toucan









Australaves

Cariamiformes (seriamas, terror birds etc.)Red-legged SeriemaTitanis walleri skeleton


Eufalconimorphae

Falconiformes (falcons)Peregrine Falcon


Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)Cockatiel



Passeriformes (songbirds and kin)House Sparrow






References

  1. ^ a b Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds". Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. PMC 4405904Freely accessible. PMID 25504713. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. 
  2. ^ Prum, R.O. et al. (2015) A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature 526, 569–573.
  3. ^ Yuri, T.; et al. (2013). "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals". Biology. 2 (1): 419–444. PMC 4009869Freely accessible. PMID 24832669. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. 
  4. ^ Kimball, R.T. et al. (2013) Identifying localized biases in large datasets: A case study using the Avian Tree of Life. Mol Phylogenet Evol. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.029


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