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Passerea
Temporal range:
Late Cretaceous - Holocene, 75–0 Ma
File:Beautiful Firetail.png
Beautiful Firetail (Stagonopleura bella)
Scientific classification (Possibly defunct)Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Neoaves
Clade: Passerea
Jarvis et al., 2014
Clades

Passerea is a clade that was proposed by Jarvis et al. (2014).[1] Jarvis et al. rescued two major clades within Neoaves, Passerea and Columbea, and concluded that both clades appear to have many ecologically driven convergent traits.

According to Jarvis (2014), these convergences include the footpropelled diving trait of grebes in Columbea with loons and cormorants in Passerea; the wading-feeding trait of flamingos in Columbea with ibises and egrets in Passerea; and pigeons and sandgrouse in Columbea with shorebirds (killdeer) in Passerea. For Jarvis (2014), these long-known trait and morphological alliances suggest that some of the traditional nongenomic trait classifications are based on polyphyletic assemblages.

Nevertheless, Passerea was not rescued in further studies.[2]

Phylogeny

Cladogram of Passerea relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[1] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013)[3] and Kimball et al. 2013.[4]

Passerea

Otidae


Cypselomorphae (hummingbirds, swifts)Ruby-throated Hummingbird


Otidimorphae


Cuculiformes (cuckoos)Common Cuckoo




Otidiformes (bustards)30 px



Musophagiformes (turacos)50 px






Gruae


Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)Hoatzin


Gruimorphae


Gruiformes (rails and cranes)50 px



Charadriiformes (shorebirds)Common Tern





Ardeae


Aequornithes (loons, penguins, herons, pelicans, storks, etc)30 px50 px


Eurypygimorphae


Eurypygiformes (sunbittern, kagu)50 px



Phaethontiformes (tropicbirds)50 px





Telluraves





Telluraves

Afroaves

Accipitrimorphae


CathartiformesBlack Vulture



AccipitriformesPearl Kite





Strigiformes (owls)Western Barn-Owl


Coraciimorphae


Coliiformes (mousebirds)Speckled Mousebird


Cavitaves


Leptosomatiformes (cuckoo roller)Cuckoo Roller


Eucavitaves


Trogoniformes (trogons)Surucua Trogon


Picocoraciae


Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)Abyssinian Ground-Hornbill


Picodynastornithes


CoraciiformesWhite-throated Kingfisher2



PiciformesGreat Spotted WoodpeckerToco Toucan









Australaves


Cariamiformes (seriamas, terror birds etc.)Red-legged SeriemaTitanis walleri skeleton


Eufalconimorphae


Falconiformes (falcons)Peregrine Falcon


Psittacopasserae


Psittaciformes (parrots)Cockatiel



Passeriformes (songbirds and kin)House Sparrow






References

  1. ^ a b Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds". Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. PMC 4405904Freely accessible. PMID 25504713. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. 
  2. ^ Prum, R.O. et al. (2015) A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature 526, 569–573.
  3. ^ Yuri, T.; et al. (2013). "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals". Biology. 2 (1): 419–444. PMC 4009869Freely accessible. PMID 24832669. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. 
  4. ^ Kimball, R.T. et al. (2013) Identifying localized biases in large datasets: A case study using the Avian Tree of Life. Mol Phylogenet Evol. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.029


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