Diversity of Passerida
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Clade: Euoscines
Infraorder: Passerida
Nitzsch, 1820

Passerida is under the Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy, one of two "parvorders" contained within the suborder Passeri (standard taxonomic practice would place them at the rank of infraorder). While more recent research suggests that its sister parvorder, Corvida, is not a monophyletic grouping, the Passerida as a distinct clade are widely accepted.

Systematics and phylogeny

The Passerida quite certainly consist of the 3 major subclades outlined by Sibley & Ahlquist (1990). However, their content has been much revised. In addition, it has turned out that not all passeridan lineages neatly fit into this arrangement. The kinglets are so distinct that they might actually form a separate infraorder, as they are only slightly less basal than the Corvoidea or the Picathartidae. See Jønsson & Fjeldså (2006) for details on phylogeny.

Superfamily Melanocharitoidea

This superfamily only contains the berrypecker family.

Superfamily Cnemophiloidea

Like Melanocharitoidea, this superfamily is monotypic. They were once classed as birds-of-paradise.

Superfamily Callaeoidea

Superfamily Picathartoidea

Superfamily Paroidea

Superfamily Sylvioidea

Mostly insectivores, distribution centered on the Indo-Pacific region. Few occur in the Americas. Nicator-reedling-lark group

Macrosphenidae group

Acrocephalus group

  • Pnoepygidae: wren-babblers. Formerly in Timaliidae.
  • Acrocephalidae: marsh- and tree-warblers. Recently split from Sylviidae.
  • Donacobiidae: donacobiuses. Formerly in Troglodytidae.
  • Bernieridae: Malagasy warblers. Members were formerly in Pycnonotidae, Timaliidae and Sylviidae.
  • Locustellidae: grass-warblers and allies. Recently split from Sylviidae.
  • Cisticolidae: cisticolas and allies. Recently split from Sylviidae.

Swallow-bulbul group

Hylia-aegithelid-cettiid/leaf-warbler group

Babbler clade

Superfamily Reguloidea

This superfamily only contains the kinglets.

Superfamily Bombycilloidea

Superfamily Certhioidea

Superfamily Muscicapoidea

Mostly insectivores, near-global distribution centered on Old World tropics. One family is endemic to the Americas.

Oxpecker-mockingbird-starling clade

Dipper-thrush-Old World flycatcher clade

Superfamily Passeroidea

Mostly herbivores, near-global distribution centered on Palearctic and Americas. Includes the Nine-primaried oscines (probably a subclade).

Basal Passeroidea

Core Passeroidea

Estrildid clade

Passerid clade

Nine-primaried oscines

Sibley and Monroe's (1990) Fringillidae

Epifamily Icteroidae

See also


Hemipus picatus This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.
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