| Pithecophaga jefferyi|
The Philippine Eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi), also known as the Monkey-eating Eagle, is an eagle of the family Accipitridae that is endemic to the rainforests in the Philippines. Affinities uncertain. Recent molecular study suggested that it may be sister to Circaetus. Monotypic.
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|Other common names||Monkey-eating Eagle, Great Philippine Eagle|
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From Greek πιθηκοφαγος pithēkophagos ape-eating < πιθηκοφαγεω pithēkophageō to eat ape flesh < πιθηκος pithēkos ape; φαγος phagos glutton < φαγειν phagein to eat; Jeffrey Whitehead (d. 1909) English stockbroker, father of explorer John Whitehead.
It has been declared the Philippine national bird. It is critically endangered, mainly due to massive loss of habitat due to deforestation in most of its range. Killing a Philippine Eagle is punishable under Philippine law by twelve years in jail and heavy fines. Attempts are being made to breed the eagle in captivity, but with a rapidly shrinking habitat, its future looks uncertain.
This magnificent eagle is one of the rarest and most endangered birds of prey in the world, with an estimated population of 226 birds. One of the largest of the world's birds of prey, they measure 90–100 cm (35–39 in); 4,700–8,000 g (10.4–17.6 lb); with a wingspan of 184–202 cm (72–80 in), sexes alike, but females are larger than males.
This rain forest eagle has the typical shape of a forest-dwelling raptor: their wings are large with broad, rounded tips and the tail is long; this combination provides speed and agility when the bird manoueuvres amongst the branches. It has brown and white-coloured plumage, and a shaggy crest.
At times, the eagle is seen soaring over the forest, but it hunts mainly in the trees, moving from branch and pausing to watch for prey. It also hunts from a perch in the trees. The species is sedentary (non-migratory).
It takes forest animals such as monkeys, flying lemurs (colugos), and they are large enough to take down birds up to hornbill size and small deer, hence its alternate name, the Monkey-eating Eagle. Snatches monkeys from a low-level attacks.
They utter long, drawn-out whistles that seem weak for such a large and powerful bird.
The nest is a bulky structure of sticks and twigs, lined and placed in the fork of a large branch in a tree rising above the surrounding rain forest. A single egg is laid, and the species probably nests only every second year.
- ^ a b BirdLife International (2008). "Pithecophaga jefferyi". 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Dr Peterson, Russell W. (1991). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Birds: The Definitive Reference to Birds of the World. Prentice Hall Direct. ISBN 0130836354.
- ^ Lerner, H.R.L. & Mindell, D.P. (2005) Phylogeny of eagles, Old World vultures, and other Accipitridae based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 37(2): 327–346.
- ^ a b c Clark, W.S., Sharpe, C.J., Boesman, P. & Marks, J.S. (2020). Philippine Eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53152 on 24 April 2020).
- ^ Jobling, J. (2015). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.), eds. "Pithecophaga". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Retrieved 11-28-15. Check date values in:
- ^ Jobling, J. (2015). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.), eds. "jefferyi". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Retrieved 11-28-15. Check date values in:
- ^ Kennedy, R. S., P. C. Gonzales, E. C. Dickinson, H. C. Miranda, Jr., and T. H. Fisher (2000). A Guide to the Birds of the Philippines. Oxford University Press, New York. ISBN 0-19-854669-6
- ^ "Farmer arrested for killing, eating rare Philippines eagle: officials". AFP. 2008-07-18. Archived from the original on 2010-08-16. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
- ^ a b Don E. Wilson (Author), David Burnie (Author) (2001). Animal: The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 0789477645.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j Harrison, Colin and Greensmith, Alan (1993). Birds of the World. Dorling Kindersley Inc. ISBN 1564582965.
- ^ a b Campbell, Bruce (1974). The Dictionary of Birds in Color. Studio. ISBN 0907408079.
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