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Nyctiphrynus
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Yucatan Poorwill
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Strisores
Order: Caprimulgiformes
Family: Caprimulgidae
Genus: Nyctiphrynus
Bonaparte, 1857
Species
Synonyms

Otophanes
Caprimulgus

Poorwills, Nyctiphrynus is a genus of nightjar in the Caprimulgidae family.

Description

Poorwills are small-sized nightjars, 19–25 cm (7.5–9.8 in) with weak sexual dimorphism.[1] The bill is small and hooked at the tip and the rictal bristles are long, stiff and extend beyond the bill.[1] The wings are rounded and have no white markings; legs are short and unfeathered and the toe is pectinate.[1]

Behaviour

Poorwills are crepuscular and noctural insectivorous birds,[1] feeding on especially moths and beetles.[2]

Distribution

They range from Mexico to NE Argentina.[1]

Taxonomy

Species

It contains the following species:

The Common Poorwill, Phalaenoptilus nuttallii is placed in a separate, monotypic genus.


References

  1. ^ a b c d e Cleere, Nigel (2010). Nightjars, Potoos, Frogmouths, Oilbird and Owlet-nightjars of the World. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691148571. 
  2. ^ Cleere, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2015). Eared Poorwill (Nyctiphrynus mcleodii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/55181 on 21 December 2015).

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