File:Primolius couloni -captive-8a-3cp.jpg
Blue-headed Macaw, Primolius couloni
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittacidae
Subfamily: Arinae
Tribe: Arini
Genus: Primolius
Bonaparte, 1857

P. couloni
P. maracana
P. auricollis

Primolius is a genus of macaws comprising three species,[1] which are native to South America. They are mainly green parrots with complex colouring including blues, reds and yellows. They have long tails, a large curved beak, and bare facial skin typical of macaws in general. They are less than 50 cm long, much smaller than the macaws of the Ara genus. Macaws less than about 50 cm long, including the Primolius genus, are sometimes called "Mini-Macaws".


The genus has three monotypic species:[1]

The Primolius genus, Bonaparte 1857:


Common and binomial names[1] Image Description Range
Blue-headed Macaw
or Coulon's Macaw
(Primolius couloni)
41 cm (16 in) long, mostly green with head, flight feathers and primary coverts blue. The uppertail has a maroon base, a narrow green center and a blue tip. The undertail and underwing are greenish-yellow/ The bill is pale greyish-horn with a black base. Unlike most other macaws, the facial skin and lores are dark greyish.[2] South America
Blue-winged Macaw
or Illiger's Macaw
(Primolius maracana)
40 cm (16 in) long, mostly green, the upperside of some of the wing feathers are blue, and the underside of the wings are yellowish, the tail-tip, crown and cheeks are bluish, and the tail-base and a belly-patch are red. The iris is amber. The bare facial-skin is yellowish, which may be white in captivity, the beak is all black[3] South America
Golden-collared Macaw
or Yellow-collared Macaw
(Primolius auricollis)
38 cm (15 in) long, mostly green, yellow band on the back of the neck, tail feathers have are red at the base fading to greens and blues, dark brown or black forehead, pink legs, the beak is dark grey with a paler grey tip South America

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Zoological Nomenclature Resource: Psittaciformes (Version 9.004)". 2008-07-05. 
  2. ^ "Species factsheet: Primolius couloni". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 24 July 2008. 
  3. ^ "Species factsheet: Primolius maracana". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 24 July 2008. 
Eurasian Spoonbill This article is part of Project Bird Genera, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each genus, including made-up genera.
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