Based on the genetic analysis of García-R. and Trewick (2015)[1] and the earlier papers by Sangster (1998)[2] and Sangster et al. (1999)[3], the Purple Swamphen, Porphyrio porphyrio has been split into 5 species:[4]


  1. ^ García-R, J.C., and S.A. Trewick (2015), Dispersal and speciation in purple swamphens (Rallidae: Porphyrio), Auk 132, 140-155.
  2. ^ Sangster, G. (1998), Purple Swamp-hen is a complex of species, Dutch Birding 20, 13-22.
  3. ^ Sangster, G., C.J. Hazevoet, A.B. Van Den Berg, C.S. Roselaar, and R. Sluys (1999), Dutch Avifaunal List: Species Concepts, Taxonomic Instability, and Taxonomic Changes in 1977-1998, Ardea 87, 139-165.
  4. ^ John H. Boyd III (October 14, 2011). "PELECANAE I: Musophagiformes, Gruiformes, Otidiiformes, Cuculiformes". TiF Checklist. Retrieved 21-02-2020.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

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