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Rail-babbler
Malaysian Rail Babbler白眉长颈鸫

Malaysian Rail Babbler白眉长颈鸫

Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Superfamily: Picathartoidea
Family: Eupetidae
Bonaparte, 1850
Genus: Eupetes
Temminck, 1831
Species: E. macrocerus
Binomial name
Eupetes macrocerus
Temminck, 1831
Malaysian Rail-Babbler liewwk

Malaysian Rail-Babbler liewwk

The rail-babbler or Malaysian rail-babbler (Eupetes macrocerus) is a strange, rail-like, brown and pied inhabitant of the floor of primary forest in the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra (the nominate subspecies macrocerus), as well as Borneo (ssp. borneensis), distantly related to African crow-like birds. Its population has greatly decreased because much of the lowland primary forest has been cut, and secondary forests usually have too dense a bottom vegetation or do not offer enough shade to be favourable for the species. However, it is locally still common in logged forest or on hill-forest on slopes, and probably not in immediate danger of extinction. The species is poorly known and rarely seen, in no small part due to its shyness.

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Other common names Eupetes, Malay Jewel-Babbler, Malay Rail Babbler, Malay Rail-babbler, Malaysian Rail babbler, Malaysian Rail-babbler, Rail-babbler

Taxonomy

Eupetidae is part of a small clade of oscine passerines within a group we call the “basal passerid oscines.” The relationships of the Rail-babbler were long mysterious, with proposed affinities to Timaliidae sensu lato, Cinclosomatidae, or Psophodidae. Molecular phylogenetic evidence indicates that Eupetidae is not at all closely related to any of these groups, but instead is likely sister to Chaetopidae, and these two as a clade are likely sister to Picathartidae and Chaetopidae.[2][3]

The larger relationships of Eupetidae have not been studied explicitly, but those relationships are best indicated by the relationships of the better-studied Picathartidae.[4]

Original name was unjustifiably emended to “macrocercus” and this version has been used extensively; Temminck himself emended name to “macrourus” (in 1835), and this name handwritten may have been misread/miscopied as “macrocerus” in original publication. Two subspecies recognized.[5]

Eupetes macrocerus macrocerus

  • Distribution: S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and N Natuna Is.[5]

Eupetes macrocerus borneensis

  • Distribution: Borneo.[5]

Similar and related species

Unmistakable. Closely related to rockjumpers and rockfowl, and make up the superfamily Picathartoidea.[6]

Behaviour

Diet

Calls

Reproduction

Distribution/habitat

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Eupetes macrocerus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Jønsson, K.A., Fjeldså, J., Ericson, P.G. & Irestedt, M. (2007). Systematic placement of an enigmatic Southeast Asian taxon Eupetes macrocerus and implications for the biogeography of a main songbird radiation, the Passerida. Biology Letters 3(3): 323–326.
  3. ^ Jønsson, K.A., Fabre, P.H., Ricklefs, R.E. & Fjeldså, J. (2011). Major global radiation of corvoid birds originated in the proto-Papuan archipelago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(6): 2328–2333.
  4. ^ Winkler, D. W., S. M. Billerman, and I.J. Lovette (2020). Rail-babbler (Eupetidae), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, B. K. Keeney, P. G. Rodewald, and T. S. Schulenberg, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.eupeti1.01
  5. ^ a b c Boles, W. (2020). Malaysian Rail-babbler (Eupetes macrocerus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.marbab1.01
  6. ^ John H. Boyd III (August 19, 2011). "BASAL PASSERIDA". TiF Checklist. Retrieved 16-07-2020.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

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