Red-bellied Woodpecker
Male in California, USA
File:Red-bellied Woodpecker Female.png
Female showing a reddish-belly
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Clade: Afroaves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Subfamily: Picinae
Tribe: Melanerpini
Genus: Centurus
Species: C. carolinus
Binomial name
Centurus carolinus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker distribution.gif
Range of M. carolinus

The Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus) is a medium-sized woodpecker of the Picidae family. It breeds in southern Canada and the northeastern United States, ranging as far south as Florida and as far west as Texas. Its common name is somewhat misleading, as the most prominent red part of its plumage is on the head; the Red-headed Woodpecker however is another species that is a rather close relative but looks quite different.

It was first described in Linnaeus' Systema Naturae, as Picus carolinus.[2] The type locality is given simply as "America septentrionalis" (North America).

Other names


Red-bellied Woodpecker has a bright red nape.

Similar species







  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Melanerpes carolinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "[Picus] pileo nuchaque rubris, dorso fasciis nigris, rectricibus mediis albis nigro punctatis. [...] Ani regio rubra punctata." – "Woodpecker with red cap and nape, back with black bands, central tail feathers white with black spots. Anal region spotted red." (Linnaeus, 1758)

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