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Rheids
Temporal range: Paleocene-Holocene 56–0 Ma
File:Greater rhea pair arp.jpg
Greater rhea, Rhea americana
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Infraclass: Palaeognathae
Clade: Notopalaeognathae
Order: Rheiformes
Forbes, 1884
Family: Rheidae
Bonaparte, 1853[1]
Type species
Rhea americana
Linnaeus, 1758
Family
Synonyms
  • Rheinae Bonaparte 1849

Rheidae is a family of flightless ratite birds which first appeared in the Paleocene.[2] It is today represented by the sole living genus Rhea, but also contains several extinct genera.[3]

Taxonomy

Order Rheiformes (Forbes 1884) Furbringer 1888 [Rheimorphae Bonaparte 1849; Rheae Forbes 1884][4][5][6][7][8]

  • FamilyOpisthodactylidae Ameghino 1895
  • Family Rheidae (Bonaparte 1849) Bonaparte 1853 [Rheinae Bonaparte 1849]
    • GenusProtorhea Moreno & Mercerat 1891
    • GenusHeterorhea Rovereto 1914
    • GenusHinasuri Tambussi 1995
    • Genus Rhea Brisson 1760 [Rhea Moehring 1758 nomen dubium; Pterocnemia Gray 1870; Toujou Lacépède 1801; Tujus Rafinesque 1815]
      • R. anchorenense (Ameghino & Rusconi 1932) [Rhea americana anchorenense Ameghino & Rusconi 1932]
      • R. fossilis Moreno & Mercerat 1891 [Pterocnemia fossilis (Moreno & Mercerat 1891); Rhea pampeana Moreno & Mercerat 1891]
      • R. mesopotamica (Agnolín & Noriega 2012) [Pterocnemia mesopotamica Agnolín & Noriega 2012]
      • R. subpampeana Moreno & Mercerat 1891
      • R. americana (Linnaeus 1758) [Struthio americanus Linnaeus 1758; Struthio camelus americanus (Linnaeus 1758); Rhea albescens Lynch & Holmberg 1878; Rhea rothschildi Brabourne & Chubb 1911; Struthio rhea Linnaeus 1766; Rhea nandua Temminck 1823; Rhea nandu Lesson 1828; Rhea macrorhyncha Sclater 1860] (Greater Rhea)
        • R. a. albescens Lynch & Holmberg 1878 [Rhea albescens Lynch & Holmberg 1878; Rhea americana rothschildi (Brabourne & Chubb 1919); Rhea rothschildi Brabourne & Chubb 1919] (Argentine rhea)
        • R. a. americana (Linnaeus 1758) [Struthio camelus americanus (Linnaeus 1758); Struthio rhea; Rhea nandua Temminck 1823; Rhea nandu Lesson 1828; Rhea americana macrorhyncha Sclater; Rhea macrorhyncha Sclater 1860] (American rhea)
        • R. a. araneipes Brodkorb 1938
        • R. a. intermedia Rothschild & Chubb 1914 (intermediate rhea)
        • R. a. nobilis Brodkorb 1939
      • R. pennata d'Orbigny 1834 [Rhea darwinii Gould 1837; Pterocnemia pennata (d'Orbigny 1834); Pterocnemia darwinii (Gould 1837); Rhea nana Lyddekker 1894; Struthio darwinii (Gould 1837); Pterocnemia tarapacensis Chubb 1913] (Lesser Rhea)
        • R. p. pennata d'Orbigny 1834 [Pterocnemia pennata pennata (d'Orbigny 1834); Rhea americana darwinii (Gould 1837); Pterocnemis darwinii (Gould 1837); Pterocnemia darwinii (Gould 1837); Struthio darwinii (Gould 1837)] (Darwin's lesser Rhea)
        • R. p. garleppi (Chubb 1913) [Pterocnemia tarapacensis garleppi Chubb 1913; Pterocnemia pennata garleppi (Chubb 1913); Rhea tarapacensis garleppi (Chubb 1913)] (Garlepp's rhea)
        • R. p. tarapacensis (Chubb 1913) [Pterocnemia tarapacensis Chubb 1913; Pterocnemia pennata tarapacensis (Chubb 1913); Rhea tarapacensis tarapacensis (Chubb 1913); Pterocnemia tarapacensis tarapacensis Chubb 1913] (Tarapacá/Puna Rhea)

References

  1. ^ Brands, Sheila (August 14, 2008). "Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification, Family Rheidae". Project: The Taxonomicon. Retrieved Feb 4, 2009. 
  2. ^ Agnolin et al, Unexpected diversity of ratites (Aves, Palaeognathae) in the early Cenozoic of South America: palaeobiogeographical implications Article in Alcheringa An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology · July 2016 DOI: 10.1080/03115518.2016.1184898
  3. ^ Mayr, G. (2009). Paleogene fossil birds. Springer.
  4. ^ Haaramo, Mikko (2007). "PALEOGNATHIA - paleognathous modern birds". Mikko's Phylogeny Archive. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "Taxonomic lists- Aves". Paleofile.com (net, info). Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "Part 7- Vertebrates". Collection of genus-group names in a systematic arrangement. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  7. ^ Çınar, Ümüt (November 2015). "01 → Pᴀʟᴇᴏɢɴᴀᴛʜᴀᴇ : Sᴛʀᴜᴛʜɪᴏɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Rʜᴇɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴀsᴜᴀʀɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴘᴛᴇʀʏɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴇᴘʏᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Dɪɴᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Lɪᴛʜᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Tɪɴᴀᴍɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs & Rᴇfᴇʀᴇɴᴄᴇs". English Names of Birds. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  8. ^ Brodkob, Pierce (1963). "Catalogue of fossil birds 1- Archaeopterygiformes through Ardeiformes". Biological sciences, Bulletin of the Florida State Museum. 7 (4): 180-293. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  9. ^ H. Alvarenga, Diogenornis fragilis Alvarenga, 1985, restudied: a South American ratite closely related to Casuariidae, 2010



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